Research Book

This book was based on a research in Bandung Indonesia and was written in collaboration with Associate Professor Datin Norsiah Abdul Aziz.

The Synopsis:

The integration of land use and transportation system has been an axiom that almost no one in urban planning and transport planning fields can dispute on this necessity. In fact, many developing cities are encountering serious environmental, social and economic problems from being unable to adequately integrate land use and transport. However, if the axiom is extended further towards the impacts generated by the connection of these two entities of land use and transport, which is the environment, a nexus of land use-transport-environment is then revealed. This nexus is the main focus of the discussion in this research-based book.

Land use and Transport or Transport and Environment are two nexuses that are commonly discussed at once. Rarely the nexus of three entities of Land use – Transport – Environment is discussed at one occasion. This book attempts to analyze the linear interconnection of land use, transport and environment in one strike.

Urban land use, from the viewpoint of transportation mainstream, is exhibited by at least two patterns of traffic flow i.e. concentric and polycentric patterns. Concentric pattern is signified by a single destination of most road users for various travel purposes such as working and shopping. The traffic flow is converged and concentrated towards, for example, central business district. Thus, it might create congestion and degrade air quality. The polycentric pattern exhibits similar characteristics with many destination points. The traffic flow is then distributed among available destinations, depending on the strength of the sub-centers. In this case, the intensity of air quality degradation from transportation source is more distributed across the city. This is the essence of this research-based book.

The research was undertaken in Bandung City, Indonesia. Bandung is a developing city with obvious concentric land use pattern. With all of the vehicles in this city using fossil fuel and with inadequate public transport and loose connection between land use and transport, the air pollution created by transportation source is continuously deteriorating. In this city, other air pollution source such as industry is negligible. Thus, transport can be considered as a single major source of air pollution.

Some policy instruments dealing with air pollution and environment, particularly at Indonesia’s national level are in place. However, it seems that the policy is weak at implementation stage due to feeble low enforcement. This study suggests some locally suitable policies to cope with the continuous degradation of air quality in Bandung City. The study expects to share findings and recommendations for other cities with similar land use-transport-environment problems and issues, and confirms the linear correlation between land use, transportation and environment. This linear correlation is to further augment the axiom of integration land use and transport planning.

The Cover:

You can find this book at:

MPH Online, or Penerbit UTM or

The interplay of spatial policy, travel behaviour and air quality in Iskandar Malaysia

Journal Name: Planning Malaysia

Title of the Article:

The interplay of spatial policy, travel behaviour and air quality in Iskandar Malaysia

Abstract:

Iskandar Malaysia has been emerging as a centre of economic growth in the southern corridor of Malaysia. While the present spatial policy has emboldened the growth centre that inspires the urban development in the region to flourish, the spatial development has brought a substantial environmental consequence to urban areas. With the support of travel behaviour of the citizens as a catalyst, the interplay between spatial policy and urban air quality in the region becomes a major concern. This study began by undertaking spatial policy analysis at local and federal levels. Then, an origin-destination study was carried out to assess the travel behaviour of citizens and the concentricity or poly-centricity of the region as an eventual reflection of spatial policy. Based on the information on travel behaviour and number of vehicles in Iskandar Malaysia, the vehicle-kilometre travelled (VKT) was estimated as well as the carbon emission from the transport sector. An ethnographic survey was also conducted to understand the nonmotorized travel behaviour of the citizens i.e. willingness to walk. This survey was to crosscheck and confirm the willingness to walk of the citizens resulting from questionnaire survey. Results of the study reveal that the spatial policies of Iskandar Malaysia along with the travel behaviour of the citizens have strongly shaped the present spatial structure of Iskandar Malaysia region, and ultimately lead to ever increasing air pollution in the region.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Permana AS, ANM Ludin, MR Majid (2017). The Interplay of Spatial Policy, Travel Behaviour and Air Quality in Iskandar Malaysia. Planning Malaysia Journal Vol 15(3):1-12. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21837/pmjournal.v15.i3.293.

Urban spatial pattern and Carbon emission interconnectivity in a Sub-Saharan City, Nigeria

Journal Name: Planning Malaysia

Title of the Article:

Urban spatial pattern and Carbon emission interconnectivity in a Sub-Saharan City, Nigeria

Abstract:

This study analyses the spatial pattern of Kaduna City in Sub-Saharan region and its vicinity to ascertain its influence on urban interaction and implications towards carbon emission. It employed a questionnaire-based research for the collection of socio-economic, traffic and spatial data. Meanwhile, spatial data was derived in secondary form from relevant organizations. The study reveals a steady increase in the built-up areas which covered 17,121 hectares representing 53% of the total area of the city. It also identified a mono-centric land use pattern for the city. The interconnection between the city centre and the residential areas has resulted in high traffic volume during the morning and evening peak hours on working days. The study also found that carbon emission at points along major routes in the city ranges between 1169 to1884 ppm. Considering the present performance of the city, the study suggests to adopt traditional red-ocean strategies, which are maximizing the carbon sequestration through optimizing urban ecology while minimizing the need for motorized transport using urban planning principles.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Zakka SD, AS Permana, MR Majid (2017). Urban Spatial Pattern and Carbon Emission Interconnectivity in a Sub-Saharan City, Nigeria. Planning Malaysia Journal Vol 15(3):51-62. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21837/pmjournal.v15.i3.297

Integrated planning model of creative industry-based Kampung tourism in Jayengan Surakarta, Indonesia

Journal Name: Planning Malaysia

Title of the Article:

Integrated planning model of creative industry-based Kampung tourism in Jayengan Surakarta, Indonesia

Abstract:

Creative Industry-based tourism has been popular as several cities in Indonesia have also been declared as “Creative City”. In sustainability viewpoint, the integration of creative industry activities with other planning elements and efforts towards social and economic development is necessary. The inter-organizational collaboration is essential by integrating various disciplines in managing the complexity and the dynamics in tourism development. This research aims at developing an Integrated Planning Model of Creative Industry-based Tourism in Jayengan Surakarta. The study adopted a mixed-methods approach using detailed observations and interviews, as well as Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with the primary actors to understand the process. The study suggests that creative industry-based kampung tourism in Jayengan Surakarta, must be developed with integrated manner through interrelationships among tourism components, developing problem-solving model, promoting a conceptual system to guide the process and strengthening the inter-organizational collaboration. It is also understood that this concept might promote rural development since the potential sources of local industries and tourism are abundantly available in the rural areas.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Astuty W, AS Permana, Qomarun, A Febela, R Andisetyana (2017). Integrated Planning Model of Creative Industry-based Kampung Tourism in Jayengan Surakarta, Indonesia. Planning Malaysia Journal Vol 15(3):63-76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21837/pmjournal.v15.i3.298.

A Study on the Linkages between Residential Satisfaction and the Overall Quality of Life in Bandar Tun Razak Area of Kuala Lumpur City, Malaysia

Journal Name: Applied Research in Quality of Life

Title of the Article:

A Study on the Linkages between Residential Satisfaction and the Overall Quality of Life in Bandar Tun Razak Area of Kuala Lumpur City, Malaysia

Abstract:

This paper provides an assessment of the links between residential satisfaction with the housing sector and the overall quality of life (QOL) in Bandar Tun Razak area (BTR). As the QOL concept is multidimensional, five domains were selected to measure the overall QOL namely; economic capacity, safety condition, social involvement and community participation, physical and emotional health, and spiritual life. While for the housing sector, the study involved 32 indicators that cover the different housing features. Besides, In order to obtain a representative sample, a stratified convenient sampling was employed and 331 questionnaires were collected. The findings show that respondents were slightly unsatisfied with safety condition and economic capacity, whereas they were only slightly satisfied with social and community participation which require further attention to the improvement of these three domains. Moreover, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was applied on the housing indicators resulting in the extraction of five factors which are: housing size, neighbourhood quality, public facilities, housing suitability, and housing quality. Among these five factors, it was found that the housing size affects the overall residential satisfaction highly. Eventually, a path diagram was employed to measure links between the housing sub-domains and QOL domains. The results show that the housing size and public facilities influence the economic capacity domain effectively. While the neighbourhood quality and housing suitability affect both safety condition and social and community participation domains.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Bougouffa, I., AS Permana (2017). A Study on the Linkages between Residential Satisfaction and the Overall Quality of Life in Bandar Tun Razak Area of Kuala Lumpur City, Malaysia. Applied Research in Quality of Life. Pp. 1-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-017-9570-3.

Waterfront Development Concepts in Indonesia from the Perspective of Urban Planning and Environmental Sustainability

Journal Name: International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

Title of the Article:

Waterfront Development Concepts in Indonesia from the Perspective of Urban Planning and Environmental Sustainability

Abstract:

Rivers, lakes, beaches or other public water bodies have substantial and precious environmental values, and if properly managed, they can be a tremendous element towards a sustainable city. Within the context of urban planning and environmental sustainability, the harmonious balance between built and natural environment could not be avoided. The riverfront development concepts attempt to accomplish this balance by developing the necessary built environment while keeping the natural environment intact and provides ecological service. Since the concept of riverfront development is new to Indonesia or to most cities in Indonesia, it would be a good initiative to promote this concept. The riverfront development concept would bring the positive multiplier effects to urban development and ultimately to the well-being of urban citizens. This paper attempts to address the possibilities of riverfront development concept for its existence from the viewpoint of urban planning and environmental sustainability. This thought is based on personal lookout as well as relevant references. The study was carried out by observing some examples of waterfront development in some cities. Assessment on the regulations of riverfront related development was also undertaken. The study found that present approach on rivers or lakes or other public water bodies as the backyard of the development has brought to various environmental degradation. The riverfront concept is expected to reverse the situation for its numerous social, economic and environmental advantages. We suggest that this concept must be implemented elsewhere in Indonesia due to foreseeable returns towards sustainable urban development and sustainable cities.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Permana AS, W. Astuty, Erianto (2017). Waterfront Development Concepts in Indonesia from the Perspective of Urban Planning and Environmental Sustainability. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol 4(3):146-155. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v4.n3.207.

 

Urban Greenery a pathway to Environmental Sustainability in Sub Saharan Africa: A Case of Northern Nigeria Cities

Journal Name: International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

Title of the Article

Urban Greenery a pathway to Environmental Sustainability in Sub Saharan Africa: A Case of Northern Nigeria Cities

Abstract:

The Northern Region of Nigeria, which is located south of Africa biggest desert – the Sahara, is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change for some reasons. This paper attempts to review the variance between urban greenery, urban development and the quest for environmental sustainability. A critical review of relevant materials related to the study was carried out. The quantitative nature of the study was backed empirically. Findings from the study reveal that physical development plans for some urban areas have been very ad-hoc and loosely defined. Allocation of open green spaces is not in harmony with the urban population and it mostly characterized by a low percentage. Abuja master plan, for instance, has the highest allocation of 32.87%, while allocation in other master plans fall below 30% with Suleja master plan counts 2.5% only. Outdated master plan and the lack of will power from urban authority in plan implementation has often resulted in the distortion, encroachment, and conversion of green areas to other land uses. Increase carbon emission and pollution especially from the transport sector has been marked by a decline in greenery. Therefore, reducing the sequestration capacity of the urban area, weak urban planning and harsh climatic condition could be regarded as critical challenges. This study suggests the strict adherent to sustainable urban planning that integrates physical development and environmental consideration to enhance greenery. The study also recommends the placement of urban greenery on the same platform with the urban grey infrastructure by urban stakeholders.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Zakka SD, AS Permana, MR Majid, A Danladi, PE Bako (2017). Urban Greenery a pathway to Environmental Sustainability in Sub Saharan Africa: A Case of Northern Nigeria Cities. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol 4(3):180-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v4.n3.211.

Implications of Present Land Use Plan on Urban Growth and Environmental Sustainability in a Sub Saharan Africa City

Journal Name: International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

Title of the Article:

Implications of Present Land Use Plan on Urban Growth and Environmental Sustainability in a Sub Saharan Africa City

Abstract:

Land use, urban development and environmental sustainability have become an interesting research arena as urban development would change the city landscape as well as generate environmental degradation. This paper looks at the missing link between land use planning and urban growth, and it implications for environmental sustainability in a selected sub Saharan Africa city of Kaduna, Nigeria. We assessed urban growth from historical GIS data of the city to evaluate the urban expansion. At the same time, regression analysis was used to established relationship between carbon emission and traffic volume in the city. A city characterized by weak land use planning has created a gap leading to uncoordinated land use planning and uncontrolled physical growth. A steady increase of built up area of 8,400.31 hectares in 1982 to an area of 17,120.5 hectares in 2015 can be a reflection of the presence of uncontrolled urban expansion. The lack of coordination between land use planning and urban growth has resulted to environmental ills within the city. One among the ills, is ubiquitous traffic congestion within the city leading to high carbon (CO2) emission. Findings shows a strong connection between emission and volume of traffic. In addition to findings, is the decline of green areas in the city. By this findings, it is suggested that the modern concept of land use planning which embraces flexibility, public participation and integration of environmental issues should be entrenched and allow to take the lead in the process of urban growth.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Zakka SD, AS Permana, CS Ho, AN Baba, OP Agboola (2017). Implications of Present Land Use Plan on Urban Growth and Environmental Sustainability in a Sub Saharan Africa City. Vol 4(2):105-112. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol. 4(2): 105-112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v4.n2.181.

Shelter planning based on self-saving concepts in urban residential districts

Journal Name: International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

Title of the Article:

Shelter planning based on self-saving concepts in urban residential districts

Abstract:

With increasing population density in Asia, the potential higher risk was resulted from the residential districts with the higher plot ratio, especially in some megapolis (eg. Beijing and Shanghai). Presently it is more difficult for the rescue operation during the disasters because of the decreasing safe space among the buildings as a result of higher buildings and denser the district. Thus, an immediate self-saving action is more important than before during the disaster in the residential districts, and its realization depends on the reasonable shelter planning and its management system. In this study, the factors related to the self-saving were analyzed and concluded by the related the literatures retrieval and case study, and the case study was done by the in-depth interview and questionnaires in three different residential districts in Shanghai. It was found that the following factors related to the self-saving should be considered in the shelters planning: the distribution of the shelters including their space accessibility and area, evacuation passageways, the facilities of the disaster prevention (such as fire hydrant and guide signs) and subsidiary facilities (such as vegetation for the disaster prevention), the social cohesion, awareness of the self-saving and disaster prevention. Simultaneously, the shelters planning countermeasures based on the self-saving were proposed, which provided some theoretical bases for the study and plan of the security residential districts in future.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Qi B, S Dai, AS Permana (2017). Shelter planning based on self-saving concepts in urban residential districts. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol. 4(1): 23-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v4.n1.156

Spatial Pattern, Transportation and Air Quality Nexus: The Case of Iskandar Malaysia

Journal Name: International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

Title of the Article:

Spatial Pattern, Transportation and Air Quality Nexus: The Case of Iskandar Malaysia

Abstract:

Spatial pattern, transportation, and air quality are three development entities which significantly affecting one another. This nexus exhibits the urbanization imprint accouter transportation generating air pollution as a reflection of spatial distribution. The integration among them is a vital part of development as it affects the societal living environment. It provides unfavorable air quality and directly cause health problems. The developing region of Iskandar Malaysia exhibits huge spatial distribution transformation accompanied by large percentage of urbanization rate, but seems less integration of land use and transportation planning which causes the exaggeration of air pollution. We carry out the research on the nexus of spatial distribution, transportation and air quality in Iskandar Malaysia by analyzing and evaluating the interconnectivity of these three entities. The spatial analysis and evaluation on the land use development pattern and spatial policy shows that the Iskandar development region are growing in the polycentric manners, where the spatial development policy drives the distributional growth of new sub-centers. We undertook a household-based travel survey that reveals the poly-centricity reflected by the de-concentration of workplaces which shifted from the single point towards multiple centers. On the other hand, this phenomenon has created a distributional traffic pattern amid the high dependency on the private vehicles of the citizens in Iskandar Malaysia. With a predominantly fossil fuel consuming vehicles, this has generated air pollution. Based on the traffic survey and the dependency of the citizens on private cars for their daily mobility, the concentration of air pollution is seemingly at risk. This research reflects that Iskandar Malaysia development region currently undergoes towards polycentric development with some new urban centers. We found that land use and transportation planning policies require serious attention as the current trend of spatial pattern development tends to reinforce high dependency on the motorized travel.

Link to the Article is here.

Cite in APA format:

Yusop AM, AS Permana (2016). Spatial Pattern, Transportation and Air Quality Nexus: the Case of Iskandar Malaysia, International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol 3(3), 199-208. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v3.n3.144.