Conference Proceedings

Eco-friendly Bioconversion of Lemongrass Biomass Leaves to Biovanillin using Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

1H. Hussin, 1M. M. Salleh, 1Chong C.S., 1Muhammad Abu Naser, 2S. Abd-Aziz, 3A.F. Merican Al-Junid

 1ENVIBIO Research Group, Sustainability Research Alliance, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,81310 Skudai, Johor, MALAYSIA.

2Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology & Biomolecular Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, MALAYSIA

3Institute of Biological Science, Faculty Science, Universiti Malaya, MALAYSIA

Email correspondent:


Submerged fermentation was conducted by using hydrolysate of lemongrass leaves containing ferulic acid as main precursor. The recent study has demonstrated the effects of different nitrogen sources in vanillin production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The model was tested for adequacy and the quality of fit by the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Based on the results, medium with the combination of organics (yeast extract) and inorganics nitrogen (ammonium chloride) gave the highest vanillin production at 0.17g/L and 0.2g/L of respective replicates.


  • Hussin, H., Hsu, W.C. Nebenfuhr, M. and Papantoniou, C. (2006).  Alkaline Phosphatase Purification from Bacillus megaterium. Proceeding KUSTEM 5th Annual Conferences. pp. 183-186.