Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is the utilization of 3D printing–like techniques to combine cells, growth factors, and biomaterials to fabricate biomedical parts that maximally imitate natural tissue characteristics. Generally, 3D bioprinting utilizes the layer-by-layer method to deposit materials known as bioinks to create tissue-like structures that are later used in medical and tissue engineering fields. Bioprinting covers a broad range of biomaterials. Currently, bioprinting can be used to print tissues and organs to help research drugs and pills. However, emerging innovations span from bioprinting of cells or extracellular matrix deposited into a 3D gel layer by layer to produce the desired tissue or organ. In addition, 3D bioprinting has begun to incorporate the printing of scaffolds. These scaffolds can be used to regenerate joints and ligaments.


The Vertical Franz Diffusion Cell is a simple, reproducible test for measuring the in vitro drug release from creams, ointments and gels. The Franz Cell consists of two primary chambers separated by a membrane. This testing determines the amount of active drug that has permeated the membrane at each time point.


The Extruder, based on the original design to solve the problem of expensive 3d printing filament. We wanted to give makers the opportunity and flexibility to create filament of their own spec. The current model has been constantly improved over the last 5 years, remaining a reputable classic today.

The Extruder combines a high torque planetary motor and a bespoke engineered screw, offering fast extrusion of just about any polymer in pellet or powdered form. The Extruder is a plug and play extruder, which means in just 15 minutes it can be unboxed and ready to use. Just plug in, turn on the heater and add the resin, then turn on the motor and you will be extruding straight away. With no kit to assemble, this extruder is extremely reliable simple and easy to use.



Electrospinning is a fibre production method which uses electric force to draw charged threads of polymer solutions or polymer melts up to fibre diameters in the order of some hundred nanometers. Electrospinning shares characteristics of both electrospraying and conventional solution dry spinning of fibres. The process does not require the use of coagulation chemistry or high temperatures to produce solid threads from solution. This makes the process particularly suited to the production of fibres using large and complex molecules. Electrospinning from molten precursors is also practised; this method ensures that no solvent can be carried over into the final product.