PhD students

***Congratulation Dear Students ****

Doctor of Philosophy (Computer Science)


(MAIN Supervisor)
previously Main-SV: AP Dr. Azizah Abd Rahman
Rashidah Mokhtar
(Senior Lecturer in UiTM Segamat, Johor)
Research Title: Monitoring Continuous Quality Improvement Framework for Higher Education in Malaysia
Research Paper 1: 
Rashidah Mokhtar, A. A. Rahman, Siti Hajar Othman, N. M. 2014. “Malaysian Academic Quality Assurance System in the context of issues, challenges and best practices“. Knowledge Management International Conference 2014 (KMiCe). Langkawi, Malaysia (Best Paper Award).
Research Paper 2: Rashidah Mokhtar, A. A. Rahman, Siti Hajar Othman 2016. “An Assessment-based Metamodel towards a Best Practice Assessment Model in Higher Education“. Indian Journal of Science & Technology, 9, 1-11.
Research Paper 3: S. H. Othman, M. N. Ahmad, A. Abdullah, R. Mokhtar, Z. M. Zain (2016) “Metamodel: Capability and Performance in Structuring Knowledge of Different Domains”. In: USM (ed.) ICAICTA2016. Penang, Malaysia: IEEE Publication.
Research Paper 4
Rashidah Mokhtar, A. A. Rahman, Siti Hajar Othman 2016 (2016) The Design of the Academic Quality Assurance Management Information System. Journal of Information, Vol 19, No. 7, pp. 2851-2856 (Scopus Indexed)
Research Paper 5: Rashidah Mokhtar, Siti Hajar Othman and Rohaizan Ramlan, “Development of Academic Programme Management Quality Assurance System Domain Knowledge Structure”, (2021) Service and Operations Management: Series 3, UTHM, ISBN 978-967-2817-33-8
Research Paper 6: R. Mokhtar, A. A. Rahman and S. H. Othman, “Academic quality assurance metamodel knowledge repository as a quality monitoring mediator,” 2016 IEEE Conference on e-Learning, e-Management and e-Services (IC3e), 2016, pp. 176-181, doi: 10.1109/IC3e.2016.8009062.
Research Paper 7: Mokhtar, R., Othman, S.H., Ramlan, R. (2022). “Modelling quality assurance system process using UML notation. Ingénierie des Systèmes d’Information, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 705-716.

AWARD 1: Silver Award in INATEX 2016,
Academic Quality Assurance Metamodel (AQAM) (IP/PT/2016/1439)
Academic Quality Assurance Management Metamodel Knowledge Repository (

(PhD co-Supervisor)
Main SV: AP Dr. Shukor Abd Razak
Arafat Dhaqm
(2019) – Successfully GRADUATED
(Senior Lecturer in Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP), Perak)
Research Title: Metamodelling Approach for managing Database Forensic Investigation
Research Paper 1: Arafat Mohammed Rashad Al- Dhaqm, Siti Hajar Othman, Shukor Abd Razak and Asri Ngadi (2014) “Towards Adapting Metamodelling Technique for Database Forensics Investigation Domain“, International Symposium on Biometrics & Security Technologies (ISBAST2014), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Research Paper 2: Arafat Mohammed Rashad Al- Dhaqm, Shukor Abd Razak, Siti Hajar Othman,Abdulalem Ali (2015), “Conceptual Investigation Process Model for Managing Database Forensic Investigation Knowledge“, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Maxwell Scientific Organization,
Research Paper 3: Arafat Al-Dhaqm* , Shukor Abd Razak, Siti Hajar Othman, Asri Ngadi, Abdulalem Ali, (2016) “A Generic Database Forensic Investigation Model“, Jurnal Teknologi, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor. Vol 78: pp 45–57.
Research Paper 4: Al-Dhaqm, A.,Razak, S., Othman, S. H., Ngadi, A., Ahmed, M. N. & Ali Mohammed, A. (2017). “Development and Validation of a Database Forensic Metamodel (DBFM)”. PLOS ONE, 12, e0170793. (Q1 IF: 3.057, ISI Indexed)
Research Paper 5: Arafat Al-dhaqm, Shukor Razak,Siti Hajar Othman, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, William Bradley Glisson, Abdulalem Ali, Mohammad Abrar, “CDBFIP: Common Database Forensic Investigation Processes for Internet of Things,” in IEEE Access, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2762693 (IF: 3.244, ISI Indexed)
Research Paper 6: A. Al-Dhaqm, S. Razak and S. H. Othman, “Model Derivation System to Manage Database Forensic Investigation Domain Knowledge,” 2018 IEEE Conference on Application, Information and Network Security (AINS), 2018, pp. 75-80, doi: 10.1109/AINS.2018.8631468. (Scopus Indexed)
Research Paper 7: Al-dhaqm, A., Razak. S.A, Othman S.H, Ali A., Ghaleb F.A, Rosman A.S, Marni. N (2020). “Database Forensic Investigation Process Models: A Review”. IEEE Access: 8, 48477-48490 (IF: 4.64 (Q1), ISI Indexed)
Research Paper 8: Al-Dhaqm, A.,
S. Razak, R. A. Ikuesan, V. R. Kebande and S. Hajar Othman (2021). “Face Validation of Database Forensic Investigation Metamodel.” Infrastructures 6(2): 13. (IF: 0.24 (Q3), ISI Indexed)

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
co-SV: AP Dr. Mohamad Nazir Ahmad (UKM)

(2020) – Successfully GRADUATED
(Assistant Professor in Department of Health Informatics, Inaya Medical College, Saudi Arabia)
Research Title: Process Improvement Methods in Healthcare from Ontology Perspective
Research Paper 1: Ehab Azhary Seed Ahmed, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad and Siti Hajar Othman (2018), Business Process Improvement Methods (BPIMs) in Healthcare: A Comparative Study International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 32: 00-00. (IF: 0.41 (Q2), ISI Indexed)
Research Paper 2: Ehab Azhary Seed Ahmed, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad and Siti Hajar Othman (2016), “Health Information System Critical Success Factors (HISCFs): A Systematic Literature Review”, Journal of Information Systems Research and Innovation (JISRI), ISSN 2289-1358

(as PhD co-Supervisor)
Main: AP Dr. Shukor Abd Razak
Senior Lecturer, City University Malaysia
Research Area: Mobile Forensic Management through Metamodel
Research Paper 1: Abdulalem Ali, Shukor Abd Razak, Siti Hajar Othman, Arafat Mohammed (2014) “Towards Adapting Metamodeling approach for the Mobile Forensics Investigation Domain”, In: (SDNLC) SDNLC (ed) The 1st ICRIL-International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology (IICIST 2015) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2015. pp 382-386
Research Paper 2: Ali, A., Abd Razak, S., Othman, S. H., Mohammed, A. & Saeed, F (2017), “A Metamodel For Mobile Forensics Investigation Domain”. PLOS ONE, 12e0176223.
(IF: 3.057, ISI Indexed)
Research Paper 3: Ali A., Razak S.A., Othman S.H., Mohammed A. (2018) Extraction of Common Concepts for the Mobile Forensics Domain. In: Saeed F., Gazem N., Patnaik S., Saed Balaid A., Mohammed F. (eds) Recent Trends in Information and Communication Technology. IRICT 2017. Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol 5. Springer, Cham.

(PhD co-Supervisor)
Main: AP Dr. Anazida Zainal

Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (MAMPU), Malaysia
Research Area:  Audit Process Framework for Cyber Security Risk Threats through Metamodelling Approach
Research Paper 1:
Khairun Nisyak Zakaria, Anazida Zainal, Siti Hajar Othman, Mohammad Nizam Kassim (2019), “Feature Extraction and Selection Method of Cyber-Attack and Threat Profiling in Cybersecurity Audit” in the 2016 3rd International Conference on Communication and Computer Engineering (ICOCOE).  Extended to The Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, 9(1-3), 95-100 2017. (Scopus Q4).
Research Paper 2: K. N. Zakaria, S. H. Othman and A. Zainal, “Review of Cybersecurity Audit Management and Execution Approaches,” 2019 6th International Conference on Research and Innovation in Information Systems (ICRIIS), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICRIIS48246.2019.9073641 (Scopus Indexed)

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
co-SV: Ts Dr. Raja Zahilah Raja Md Radzi
co-external SV: AP Dr. Deris Setiawan (UNSRI, Indonesia)

(DR. FERDIANSYAH) (ongoing) (2019-2023) Successfully GRADUATED
Senior Lecturer at Universitas Bina Darma, Palembang, Indonesia
RESEARCH Area: Data Mining-based Economic Value Estimation for Cryptocurrency Value back by Gold
Research Paper 1:
Ferdiansyah Ferdiansyah, Siti Hajar Othman, Raja Zahilah Md Radzi and Deris Setiawan (2019), “A Study of Economic Value Estimation on Cryptocurrency Value back by Gold, Methods, Techniques, and Tools.” Journal of Information Systems and Informatics 1: 178-192.
Research Paper 2: Ferdiansyah, Ferdiansyah (2019) “A Study of Bitcoin Stock Market Prediction: Methods, Techniques and Tools“. In: Postgraduate Annual Research Seminar 2019 (PARS 2019), 10 & 11 April 2019, School Of Computing Seminar Hall, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Johor Bahru, Skudai.
Research Paper 3: F. Ferdiansyah, S. H. Othman, R. Zahilah Raja Md Radzi, D. Stiawan, Y. Sazaki and U. Ependi, “A LSTM-Method for Bitcoin Price Prediction: A Case Study Yahoo Finance Stock Market,” 2019 International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (ICECOS), Batam Island, Indonesia, 2019, pp. 206-210, DOI: 10.1109/ICECOS47637.2019.8984499. (Scopus Indexed).

PhD MAIN Supervisor)
co-SV: AP Dr. Mohamad Nazir Ahmad (UKM)
Research Area: Information Security Management Metamodelling
Research Paper 1: Doaa Saleh Abobakr Baras, Siti Hajar Othman, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad, Norafida Ithnin (2014)
Towards Managing Information Security Knowledge Through  Metamodelling Approach, International Symposium on Biometrics & Security Technologies (ISBAST2014), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Scopus Indexed).
Research Paper 2: D. S. A. Baras, S. H. Othman, A. Al-Dhaqm and R. Z. R. M. Radzi, “Information Security Management Metamodel (ISMM) Validation and Verification through Frequency-based Selection Technique,” 2021 International Conference on Data Science and Its Applications (ICoDSA), 2021, pp. 292-297, doi: 10.1109/ICoDSA53588.2021.9617527. (Scopus Indexed)

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
Co-SV: Assoc. Prof Dr. Siti Zaiton Mohd Hashim

(DR.) ALIYU MUSA BADE (2020-2023) – Successfully GRADUATED
Research: Metamodelling Technique for Online Social Networks Forensic Investigation
Research Paper 1:
Aliyu Musa Bade and Siti Hajar Othman, A Systematic Review of Published Articles, Phases and Activities in an Online Social Networks Forensic Investigation Domain International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA), 12(11), 2021.  (IF: 1.09 (Q4), ISI Indexed)

Research Paper 2: Aliyu, M. B., & Othman, S. H. (2022). Towards adapting metamodelling technique for an online social networks forensic investigation (OSNFI) domain. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 13(7) doi:

(PhD Main-Supervisor)
Co-SV: Dr. Arafat Al-Dhaqm

MUHAMMED AHMED SALEH (in Viva-Correction) (2020-202x)
(Government Staff, Federal Government of Iraq)
Research: Modelling of Metamodel Standard Framework for Internet of Things (IoT) Forensic Investigation through Metamodelling Technique
Research Paper 1: M. A. Saleh, S. Hajar Othman, A. Al-Dhaqm and M. A. Al-Khasawneh, “Common Investigation Process Model for Internet of Things Forensics,” 2021 2nd International Conference on Smart Computing and Electronic Enterprise (ICSCEE), 2021, pp. 84-89, doi: 10.1109/ICSCEE50312.2021.9498045. (Scopus indexed).

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
Co-SV 1: Prof. Dr. Shukor Razak
Co-SV 2: Prof. Dr. Ali Selamat

(In-Viva Soon) (2021-2023)
Cybersecurity Maturity Assessment Framework for Technology Start-ups in Singapore
Research Paper 1:
Mohamed Noordin Yusuff Marican, Shukor Abd Razak, Ali Selamat, Siti Hajar Othman (2022) “An End-To-End Cyber Security Maturity Model for Technology Startups“, IEEE International Conference on Computing (ICOCO2022) (IEEE Indexed) (Best Presenter Award).
Research Paper 2: Mohamed Noordin Yusuff Marican, Shukor Abd Razak, Ali Selamat, Siti Hajar Othman,
Cyber Security Maturity Assessment Framework for Technology Startups: A Systematic Literature Review“, IEEE Access (Q1 Indexed).
Research Paper 3: Mohamed Noordin Yusuff Marican, Shukor Abd Razak, Ali Selamat, Siti Hajar Othman, Implementation of a Risk Assessment Framework in Technology Startups using the 4P1C Model“. (In-Progress)
Other Paper: Marican, Mohamed Noordin & Ebrahimi, Mansoureh & Md Yusni, Nabila Zurain. (2022). “The Negative Impact of Social Media on Teenagers in Singapore and Malaysia“. Akademi Tamadun Islam UTM, ISBN 2805-556X, Prosiding Seminar Falsafah Sains dan Ketamadunan Bil. 4 Jilid 1 2022; Tema “Nilai dalam Falsafah Sains dan Tamadun”.



(PhD co-Supervisor)
Main: Ts. Dr. Maheyzah Md Siraj

ADAMU ABDULLAHI GARBA (In-Viva Correction) (2019-202x)
Research Area: A Predictive Cybersecurity Awareness and Maturity Framework based on Artificial Neural Network
Research Paper 1: Garba, A. A., Siraj, M. M., & Othman, S. H. (2022). An assessment of cybersecurity awareness level among Northeastern University students in Nigeria. International Journal of Electrical & Computer Engineering (2088-8708), 12(1). (Q2), Indexed)
Research Paper 2: A.A. Garba, M.M. Siraj, S.H. Othman “An Explanatory Review on Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Models”, Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems Journal, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 762-769 (2020). (Q3), Indexed)
Research Paper 3: Adamu Abdullahi Gabra, Dr. Maheyzah Binti Sirat, Dr. Siti Hajar, Ibrahim Bukar Dauda (2020) Cyber Security Awareness Among University Students: A Case Study. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 825-833. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.108 (Q4), Indexed)
Research Paper 4: Adamu Abdullahi Garba, Maheyzah Muhamad Siraj, Siti Hajar Othman, Waleed A. Zogaan. (2021). Cybersecurity Awareness of University Students in Nigeria: Analysis Approach. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education Vol.12 No.12 (2021), 3739-3752
Research Paper 5: Garba, A., Sirat, M. B., Hajar, S., & Dauda, I. B. (2020). Cyber Security Awareness Among University Students: A Case Study. Science Proceedings Series, 2(1), 82-86.
Research Paper 6: Garba, A. A., Siraj, M. M., Othman, S. H. and Musa, M. A. (2020). A Study on Cybersecurity Awareness among Students in Yobe State University, Nigeria: A Quantitative Approach. International Journal on Emerging Technologies, 11(5): 41–49.
Research Paper 7: Holistic Systematic Review on Methodologies of Assessing Effectiveness Cybersecurity Awareness Program, Preprints (, NOT PEER-REVIEWED, 20 July 202210.20944/preprints202207.0298.v1 (In-Progress).

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
co-SV: Ts. Dr. Raja Zahilah Raja Md Radzi

(ongoing) (2020-2023)
Research Area:  A Data Explosion Reduction Algorithm for Blockchain-based Tracking and Tracing Systems
Research Paper 1: Mohamed Mostafa Ali Montaser, Siti Hajar Othman, Raja Zahilah Raja Md Radzi, (2021), “Secured Tracking and Tracing System Based on Blockchain Technology”, 2021 3rd International Cyber Resilience Conference (CRC2021), Online Conference. (Scopus Indexed)
Research Paper 2: Mohamed Mostafa Ali Montaser, Siti Hajar Othman, Raja Zahilah Raja Md Radzi and Marina Arshad (2021), “A Blockchain Data Size Reduction Strategy through Data Explosion Reduction Algorithm“, Sustainable and Integrated Engineering International Conference 2022 (SIE2022) (Scopus Indexed).

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
Co-SV: Prof. Dr. Shukor Razak

(Pass Proposal Defense) (2021-)
Deep Reinforcement Learning Multi-Agent System Model for Detecting Link Flooding Attacks Targeting Smart City Networks
Research Paper 1:
Research Paper 2:

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
Co-SV: Dr. Raja Zahilah Raja Md Radzi

(On-Going) (2023-)
Dealing Data Leakage for Maintaining Organization Reputations
Research Paper 1:
Research Paper 2:

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
co-SV: Dr. Rohayanti Hassan
(ongoing) (2020-)
Research: Methodological Improvement in Cybersecurity IT Risk Auditing Program through Bibliometric Analysis Approach
Research Paper 1:
Research Paper 2:

(PhD MAIN Supervisor)
(ongoing) (2020-)
Research: A Comprehensive Cybersecurity Incident Response Capabilities Measuring Method For Saudi Arabia Small Business Sector
Research Paper 1:
Research Paper 2:


School of Civil Engineering

Main-SV: Ir Dr. Noor Nabilah Sarbini

(PhD co-Supervisor)

Research Area: Development of Framework for Building Condition Assessment and Performance Evaluation
Research Paper 1: Building Condition Ratings using Infrared Thermography: A Preliminary Study, Achieves of Civil Engineering (2022)
Research Paper 2:

(PhD co-Supervisor)

Research Area:  Automated Structural Condition Assessment by using Convolutional Neural Network Technique

“No matter what you’re going through, there’s a light at the end of the tunnel and it may seem hard to get to it but you can do it and just keep working towards it and you’ll find the positive side of things.”

“Perfection has to do with the end product, but excellence has to do with the process.”– Jerry Moran

Excellence is a continuous process and not an accident.”– A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

“Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.”– Og Mandino

Success is no accident. It is hard work, perseverance, learning, studying, sacrifice and most of all,
love of what you are doing or learning to do.”– Pele