# SKAB 3243 Theory of Structures

This course introduces students to the analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures in civil engineering. The course emphasizes on the analysis of beams and frame structures subjected to various load conditions by using classical techniques. The course is limited to the linear elastic analysis of beam and frame structures except in plastic analysis where the critical loads at failure are being examined. Students will also be taught on the use of influence diagrams to solve problems involving determinate beams subjected to moving loads. At the end of the course, students should be able to apply the knowledge and use the classical techniques for solving problems in structural engineering

No. |
CLO |
PLO (ICGPA CODE) |
Weight (%) |
T&G Skills1 |
CPS, CEA & KP2 |
T&L methods |
***Assessment methods |

CLO1 |
Analyse determinate and indeterminate beam, truss and frame structures by using classical methods. |
PLO2 (THPA) |
90 |
C3, A2, TH1 |
WP1, EA1, WK3 |
Lecture, Active learning |
HW, T, F |

CLO2 |
Analyse beam and frame structures by using plastic analysis method |
PLO2 (THPA) |
Lecture, active learning |
F |
|||

CLO3 |
Able to conduct investigation into complex problem situations. |
PLO11 (SC) |
10 |
C5, A2, CS2, TW1 |
WP3, EA2, WK8 |
Case Study, group project |
Pr, PR, R |

`1Taxonomies of Learning and UTM Attributes: Generic Skills |

# SKAA 4223 Structural Analysis

This course is designed to expose the students in analysing the two-dimensional structures using a matrix operational method and computer applications. The matrix operational method is also suitable to be programmed in computers as the solutions adopt the matrix concept. The course consists of the flexibility method, the stiffness method, concept for solving matrices, an introduction to finite element method and also structural modelling using existing software. The structures include beams, trusses and frames. At the end of the course, students should be able to analyse the structures by using the numerical methods and/or the existing computer software. The students should also have a problem solving skill on problems of interest in Civil Engineering structures.

No. |
CLO |
PLO (ICGPA CODE) |
Weight (%) |
*Taxonomies and **generic skills |
T&L methods |
***Assessment methods |

CLO1 |
State the significance of Structural Analysis in the Civil Engineering context. |
PLO2 (THPA) |
5 |
C1 |
Lecture |
A |

CLO2 |
Analyse beams, frames and trusses using the Flexibility Method and Stiffness Method. Comprehend an overview of Finite Element analysis. |
PLO2 (THPA) |
70 |
C4 |
Lecture |
T, F |

CLO3 |
Use existing analysis software for analysing structures |
PLO2 (SCMT) |
25 |
C5 |
Practical |
T, PR |

CLO4 |
Students should attend a minimum of 80% of the lectures |
PLO10 (GCE) |
– |
– |
– |
Att |

Refer *Taxonomies of Learning and **UTM’s Graduate Attributes, where applicable for measurement of outcomes achievement ***T – Test; Q – Quiz; A – Assignment; PR – Project; Pr – Presentation; F – Final Exam; Att – Attendance. |

# MEAE 1013 Advanced Structural Analysis and Modelling

The aim of this this course is to provide future structural engineers the tools to deal with the structural analysis of realistic civil engineering structures. The content of the course covers linear elastic analysis of structures using matrix method and its application using analysis software. It begins with a review of the basic concepts of structural analysis using matrix method focussing on the formulation and solution of equilibrium equation for skeletal structures which covering plane and space frame and grids. Then the formulation for continuum structural elements using Finite Element approach is presented. Understanding the behaviour of elements used in the structural analysis is emphasized, which includes plane stress, plane strain, axisymmetric, plate bending and shell elements. Students are expected to be able to apply these elements in combination with skeletal element in the modelling and analysis of a complete 3D structural system using structural analysis software. Modelling of various types of details as found in the real structures which affect the analysis results is also discussed. Individual projects on modelling and analysis using software is given at the end of the semester followed by the presentation about the project.

No. |
CLO |
PLO (Code) |
*Taxonomies and **generic skills |
T&L methods |
***Assessment methods |

CLO1 |
Formulate the stiffness matrices for skeletal and 2D solid elements |
PLO1 |
C3 |
Lecture, active learning |
Asg, T, F |

CLO2 |
Analyse simple structures using matrix method |
PLO2 |
C4 |
Lecture, self study, Computer programming skill |
Asg, T, F |

CLO3 |
Evaluate the characteristics of all types of elements used in structural analysis and apply correctly to relevant structures. |
PLO3 |
C6 A3 |
Lecture, Cooperative learning |
T, F |

CLO4 |
Develop model of realistic structures using software, analyse, interpret and present results. |
PLO6 |
CTPS4 P4 |
Hands on, Guided exercise using software |
Asg, PR |

CLO5 |
Write and present analysis report |
PLO5 |
CS4 |
Self study |
PR, Pr |

Refer *Taxonomies of Learning and **UTM’s Graduate Attributes, where applicable for measurement of outcomes achievement |