Difference between h-index in Google scholar, SCOPUS and Web of Science

Note: Should you found this article online, please quote my work, will you?

  1. General Information about h-Index

H-index is a bibliometric measure that was introduced by Jorge Hirsch in August 2005 (Hirsch, 2005a, 2005b). It is defined as “a scientist has index h if h of his/her Np papers have at least h citations each, and the other (Np – h) papers have no more than h citations each” (Hirsch, 2005, p. 16569). In a simpler explanation, h-index project the strength of a scholar or scientist work based on the set of the person(s) most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received in other publications. Thus, h-index measures individual scholarly performance in the term of productivity and citation impact of the publication through the author-level metric.

Why h-index is important for scholars and researchers? Because h-index represents as a standard tool to measure the scientific publication output of the researcher in term of quality and quantity. H-index will specifically address the issues of self-citation, original research contribution, favourism and etc. It is an author-level metrics to explicitly measure the impact of the individual authors, researcher, academics and scholars. The value differs from one field to another, as it is highly affected by based on the discipline citation database, publication, ranges of years and etc. Hence, a low number of h-index that is considered low in one field might be considered quite high in another field.

Another purpose of the h-index is to eliminate outlier publications that might give a skewed picture of a scientist’s impact.  For instance, if a scientist published one paper many years ago and it has been cited 8546 times, but has since only published papers that have been cited 8 or 9 times each, a straight citation count for that scientist could make it seem that his or her long-term career work was very significant (Nina Diana, 2020).

The differences

The h-index platform of Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar has their unique strengths as well as their disadvantages. The discussion is segmented under 5 topics which are explained in details below:

  1. a) The availability of the H-index provider

Web of Science and Scopus: are only available to those academics whose institutions are able and willing to bear the (quite substantial) subscription costs of the Web of Science and other databases in the Thomson ISI Web of Knowledge. This also occurs to Sopus (Harzing, 2010)

Google Scholar is freely available to anyone with an Internet connection and is generally praised for its speed (Bosman et al. 2006).

Scholars indicate “that, free access to data provided by Google Scholar provides an avenue for more transparency in tenure reviews, funding and other science policy issues, as it allows citation counts, and analyses based thereon, to be performed and duplicated by anyone. Another compared citation counts from Google Scholar to the research output from universities under New Zealand’s PBRF (Performance Based Research Funding) research assessment exercise and found a very high (0.94) correlation between the PBRF output (defined as PBRF quality score times the FTE staff size) and the total number of citations returned by Google Scholar (Harzing, 2020)

h-index be like ‘riding a bicycle to reach a destination’


  1. b) The comprehensiveness of citation coverage to measure h-index


Web of Science (WOS) : Citation is backdated to the year of 1961 onwards. The original source is Science Citation Index. WOS claims that their citation references has reached 1.5 billion cited references dating back to 1900. WOS counts exact matches only. It doesn’t count multiple manifestation of a work.

Scopus : It is launched in November 3, 2004. The full citation coverage is from 1996 onwards. Over the years, Scopus has added 195 million more cited references, dating back to 1970. The database’s existing records also claim that it has captured as far a  dated back to 1788 and  has since further increased the depth of content. However, SCOPUS provides citation data only for the items indexed by it (Bar-Ilan, J.,2008)

Google Scholar (GS): Launched in November 18, 2004. GS freely indexed anything it can compile.  It is estimated to house about 389 million records, ranging from GS indexes non-scholarly sources as well. Often, GS indexes both the preprint and the journal version of a paper.

Scopus and WOS have distinguish and distinctive way of handling the collected publications. Scopus has the advantages of higher citation measurement due to the extent of its field coverage in Physical sciences, health sciences, life sciences, social sciences & humanities. Whilst WOS has more historical depth as compared to Scopus and focuses more on  the Science, technology, social sciences, arts and humanities.  Therefore,  WOS has the advantages of providing legit citation references and projects  superiority as it covers older publications compared to  Scopus and Google Scholar (GS) (Bar-Ilan, J.,2008)

However, WOS counts exact matches compare to GS. GS has the advantages of providing more comprehensive citation as it also covers materials that is not covered by WOS and SCOPUS, examples, books, conference papers, working papers and student theses. But, GS mechanism of citation tracker has raises the issue of multiple manifestations of a work.  As it allows automated tracking GS has the ability  to harvest any citation found as it is  not subject to any review. On one hand, it provides higher citation counts for the authors, on the other hand, the citation may be manipulated. Whereas, Scopus has built a reputation in providing better coverage towards the subject covered lesser in WOS, especially in the field of Social Science studies.

 Authenticity of the citation sources

(i) Web of Science: Before 2004, WOS is the only comprehensive database that provides citation counts . The citation is originally from  Science Citation Index. It is governed under the jurisdiction of  the Institute for Scientific Information, (ISI).  ISI is the institution that  developed and produced the Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). The basic principles of the WOS selection process consist of objectivity, selectivity and collection dynamics. WOS have about  28 criteria used to evaluate journals.

(ii) Scopus : It reported broader  overview of interdisciplinary scientific data and literature, across all research areas. Scopus is also governed by the Scopus Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB), an international group of scientists, researchers and librarians who represent the major scientific disciplines to ensure that the high-quality and authenticity of the published articles.

(iii) Google Scholar :  is a freely indexed publication and to the best knowledge of the author, it has not declared any specific advisors or governing bodies to ensure the quality of its citation sources (Bar-Ilan, J.,2008)

The fundamental formula of h-index is highly depending on the number of publications and the number of citations per publication. Therefore,  the h-index of one same author can be projected  differently  between Google Scholars (GS), Scopus (S) and Web of Science (WOS) due to the source of publication database, focus area, the maturity and others. As each feature has its own distinctive database, eventually each platform will exhibit different value of h-index.

ganbatte kudasai

Scopus and WOS have a systematic reviewer while it is unclear about the GS team of reviewers. Google Scholar also doesn’t provide any explicit information neither about the number of records nor about its timely coverage. Google index data from publishers only if the publisher is willing to provide at least the abstract of the paper freely  or  freely accessible. It is unfortunate that dishonesty may occurred among researcher  as they could simply upload false scholarly papers that give unsupported citation credit, or add papers to the Google Scholar profile that were not even authored by the person in question.

Somehow, Google Scholars is more up to date, as their h-index includes the citations before the articles officially published.  Whereas Scopus is a very useful alternative for measuring the citation impact of articles, journals and authors. It also covers a larger dataset, so more articles, journals and conference papers will have metrics as well as a citation. And WOS has stronger jurisdiction as it is developed from ISI, a world prestigious organization with scientific information and a long tradition in publications’ tracking.

Citation of Non-English publication sources

 (i) Web of Science : traditionally, it is based upon  English based publications and covers mostly the publication from the Western region especially from the USA and British.

(ii) Scopus : has been known to be supportive towards non-spoken English regions such as the Asia and the Middle East. To a certain extend, Scopus does allow the viewing of other languages in their databases, for example, Malay, Chinese and Arabic languages.

(iii) Google Scholar: any publication that allows its publications to be tracked by GS tracking robots.

Harzing (2010) indicates that  The Web of Science includes only a very limited number of journals in languages other than English (LOTE) and hence citations in non-English journals are generally not included in any Web of Science citation analysis. Noruzi (2005) in Harzing (2008) mentioned that Google Scholar’s  LOTE coverage includes a larger number of publications in other languages and indexes documents such as French, German, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese. Meho & Yang (2007) in Harzing (2008) reported that 6.94% of Google Scholar citations were from LOTE, and only 1.14% coverage of the Web of Science and 0.70% for Scopus.

General Caveat

Higher error in citations is subject to many forms of error as it can occur from typographical errors in the source paper to analytical errors. From Harzing (2020) analysis, Google Scholar is subject to have a higher occurrence in error, from the parsing of the reference, to errors due to some nonstandard reference formats. Scholars have claimed that Google Scholar reports higher citation counts for certain disciplines. However, all three providers may have difficulties in treating publications such as books or conference proceedings are  inconsistent.  This resulted that the citations to the works can be completed, completely missing, or anywhere in between.

Finally, it is also worth mentioned that, all the three providers had similar issues in providing a consistent set of author abbreviations (names with diacritics or apostrophes; names with ligatures and non English names such as Malays and Arabics names).

 The author’s choice of H-Index

My disciplines coverage focuses to the field of Social Sciences. From the comparative discussion of  h-index providers between Web of Science, SCOPUS and Google Scholars, I am more interested to employ Scopus h-index to monitor my publication’s impact.  Though Google Scholar mentioned that it has the ability to find most of the citations to Social Sciences articles by 94%, while Web of Science and Scopus  only covers  35% and 43%, Scopus has consistently provides wider coverage, especially for Social Science disciplines. Moreover, though   Web of Science presents most authoritative source,  Scopus  is a more useful alternative for measuring the citation impact of articles, journals and authors as it covers larger data set, especially towards the Social Science publication.

Compared to WOS, Scopus has indexed more publication in a Social Science related field and Scopus does have the authoritative body to monitor its content authenticity. Scopus projects broader  overview of interdisciplinary scientific data and literature, across all research areas. Scopus is also governed by the Scopus Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB), an international group of scientists, researchers and librarians who represent the major scientific disciplines to ensure that the high-quality and authenticity of the published articles. Therefore, the Scopus h – index has the capability of  measuring an academician whole body of work and gives the scholar a better evaluation of his or her work.

In general, WOS and SCOPUS provide an almost similar set of citation counts. Thus, this affirmed my believe that the  citation calculation provided by Scopus is also as thorough and meticulous as the publications based on WOS. Though Google Scholar has an automated capability to crawl through non-scholarly sources and project highest citation score, its credibility is still being questioned as GS does not have specific governing bodies that monitor the authenticity of its content.

Another reason is,  Scopus does cover wider publication in non-English written materials. This initiative has proven to balance the current weighing of scholarly indicators that has the propensity towards Western knowledge dissemination comparison to the other parts of the world. Moreover, this initiative motivates researchers to share their current work with the locals so the general public has the opportunity to read and learn about current research work. And it is my wish that the findings may finally impact the benefits of the nation and the building of the nation itself.

Somehow, Google Scholar (GS) is another convenient platform to introduce others about my current work and citation.  Nevertheless, the authenticity, reliability and integrity of GS  source and the mechanism can still be questioned as it doesn’t belong to any controlled group or committee. Finally, by positioning my scholarly work to h-index measurement,  it surely assists my publications’ performance progress, project impactful recognition towards my scholarly work and better projection of my  research work’s reputation.


Bar-Ilan, J. (2008). Which h-index?A comparison of WoS, Scopus and Google Scholar. Scientometrics,74(2).page 257-271.


  1. Hirsch (2005). An index to Quantify an Individual’s Scientific Output. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102 (2005) 16569–16572

Harzing, A. W. (2010). Google Scholar-a new data source for citation analysis. online] URL: http://www. harzing. com/pop_gs htm. Accessed22(12), 2010.

Nina Diana Nawi (2020). The difference between h-index in Google scholar, SCOPUS and Web of Science. People@UTM website.

Source:  https://people.utm.my/ninadiana/2020/10/07/the-difference-between-h-index-in-google-scholar-scopus-and-web-of-science/

Web of Science Journal Evaluation Process and Selection Criteria. Retrieved from https://clarivate.com/webofsciencegroup/journal-evaluation-process-and-selection-criteria/

LibGuides: Web of Science platform: Web of Science Core Collection. Retrieved from https://clarivate.libguides.com/webofscienceplatform/woscc

Aww…Don’t be too serious…chillax!


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My Teaching Philosophy

I believe that every learner is unique and they deserve equal right to share their ideas based on their existing experience. It is important for my learners or students to receive a stimulating educational environment where they can grow physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially. I am dedicated to creating this type of atmosphere where the learners are allowed to develop to their fullest potential.

‘Begin with the end in mind’ is my firm belief in life as well as teaching. I would like to ensure that the transferred knowledge, skills and value will maximise the students’ experience professionally as well as for personal growth.

I uphold the notion that ‘an exemplary teacher is the one who has the ability to deliver complex subject matter into a simpler presentation for the benefit of others’. This notion is parallel with my teaching philosophy that everyone has the ability to succeed if they are given the right methods, learning environment, motivation and a fair chance.

Driven by the belief of equal education for all, I am motivated to guide my students to extend towards their true selves.  It is my wish to provide an enjoyable learning experience and creating a suitable learning space for the process.  Following that trust, I am willing to go to the extra miles to incorporate extra knowledge, skills and values to enrich students’ learning experience for their benefits and for the next generation of the nation.

I am inspired towards becoming future-ready educators (FRC). Thus, I am determined to seek and learn the most up-to-date lesson materials and technology so I can engage my students’  involvement in the learning process. I am inspired to share my knowledge through conferences and publication. It will be the most beneficial experience and platforms to provide my ability as a trainer and consultant.

As I love community engagement, it is my wish that I am able to contribute to society through community social responsibility. Thus, my overall goal as an educator is multifaceted. It combines the desire to make learning fun and inspirational so my students may find love towards learning; to create an organized learning experience and to clearly define my teaching approach and strategies.

My teaching goals focus on maximising the students’ learning experience.  I believe that learners must be given the freedom to create meaningful knowledge based on their unique experiences and freedom to blend it with additional information. By providing them with this freedom, I am hoping that my students will learn to make wise decision making and able to see the connection between matters.

My teaching philosophy is modelled by student-centred learning and supported by constructivism and Connectivism theories. By embracing this approach, I hope that I am able to encourage mature thinking among my students to formulate a solution, fostering creativity, develop positive self-direction, to be independent, to be self-responsible, ability to view the connection between concepts and ideas and always ready to be responsive to growth stimuli.

I am motivated to guide my students via non-directive teaching strategies and towards increasing self-motivation. I am encouraging my students to explore their curiosity in a wiser manner, becomes motivated to craft knowledge, be able to explore new ideas, always be up-to-date on information, make their own decision making and also able to embrace technology maturely. I shall reach out to my students, empathises, guide and react to assist the students with their issues.

Thus, I am hoping that my students will finally able to reach one self-hood and proactively seeking continuous improvement to attain better quality lives of selves and others.


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What T& L & Research Meant to Me

Explorer with backpack Free Vector


A philomath dream is to consistently be into a world that allows the person to dive into any discipline of interest.

Becoming a lecturer gives me that freedom. Freedom to learn what I want and what I love.

Again, am sharing the information about myself here, so it can be easily found from the internet.

Who am I? Senior Lecturer, School of Education, Faculty of Science Social and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, JB MALAYSIA

Email: nisrin@utm.my | nisrinmanz@gmail.com

My Links

LinkedIn:  /https://www.linkedin.com/in/nisrin-m-anis-060a4751/

Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nisrin_M_Anis

People@UTM:  https://people.utm.my/nisrinanis/

Publon: https://publons.com/researcher/3945260/nisrin-anis/

OrchID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7967-4064?lang=en

Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=GeM7uvgAAAAJ&hl=en


Current H-Index:

Scopus current h-index : 1

Google Scholar current h-index : 2




2020: Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis, et al (2020). COVID 19 and campus experience: Survey on online learning and time spent during the movement control order (MCO) among Malaysian postgraduates. Journal of Advanced Research and Dynamical Control System (Special Issue): 12(7), pg 2929-2933.

2019 :  Siti Rokiah Siwok, Siti Nisrin Manz (2019). Women use of their time.  ICSSMA Conference, UTM, Skudai.

Rafidah Abdul Aziz, Lailatul Faizah Abu Hassan, Salleh Mohd.Radzi and Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2019). Assessing Bibliotherapy Elements in Malaysian Children’s Literature.  International Journal of Education and Knowledge Management (IJEKM):  2(1); 1-9

Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2019). Entrepreneurial competencies, market orientation, entrepreneurial orientation and work performance of malaysian public university librarians. Doctor of Philosophy: Skudai; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

 2017 :  Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2017). Towards entrepreneurial proclivity : a paradigm shift among public sector entities. Konvensyen Pentadbir 2017;  Amalan Terbaik UTM.

Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2017) In the pursuit of entrepreneurialism: the mediating effect of entrepreneurial orientation towards public university librarians performance. ASIA International Multidisciplinary Conference 2017.

Anis, S. N. M., Hashim, N. H., & Rasli, A. M. (2016). Marketing for Non-marketers: Inclinations towards Market Orientation among Public University Librarians. International Review of Management and Marketing6(4S), 143-149.

 2016 (SCOPUS Publication)

Anis, S. N. M., Rasli, A. M., & Hashim, N. H. (2016). Through the looking glass: Enhancing Public University Librarians’ entrepreneurial competencies in facing the impact of globalization (Conceptual Paper). International Review of Management and Marketing6(4S), 70-79.

Anis, S. N. M., Hashim, N. H., & Rasli, A. M. (2016). Marketing for Non-marketers: Inclinations towards Market Orientation among Public University Librarians. International Review of Management and Marketing6(4S), 143-149.


Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis, Amran Md Rasli and Nadhirah Halim (2015). Exploring The Antecedents Of Malaysian Public Universities Librarian Performance: Entrepreneurial Inclination, Market Orientation And IT Infrastructure Capabilities. Sains Humanika: 3(2), 623. http://www.sainshumanika.utm.my/index.php/sainshumanika/issue/view/57


Aryati Bakri, Naomie Salim, Rose Alinda Alias (FSKSM), Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2012). Malaysian computer science publications: A citation study. Brunei International Conference on Engineering & Technology


Siti Nisrin Mohd. Anis (2011). Plagiarism detection software. Perpustakaan Sultanah Zanariah


Kertaskerja ‘Cultivating Customer Focused-Culture Through Library Generic Skills’ (menerima citation : 3 [Google Scholar] di Persidangan Customer Focused-Culture di Hotel the Zone, Stulang, Johor Bahru, 9-11 Jun 2008



 Buku ’Antologi puisi kemerdekaan dan patriotisme : warkah anak merdeka Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (2007)’. Penerbit UTM sempena  Pertandingan Sayembara Menulis Puisi 2007, anjuran Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka (DBP) dan UTM



Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2002). ‘Kajian Perbandingan Antara Kaedah Soalselidik Berteraskan Web dengan soalselidik Menggunakan Pen-dan-Kertas (PAPI) untuk Menilai Perkhidmatan di Perpustakaan : Kajian Kes di PSZ’. Master Thesis: Skudai; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis, Amran Md Rasli and Nadhirah Halim (2015). Exploring The Antecedents Of Malaysian Public Universities Librarian Performance: Entrepreneurial Inclination, Market Orientation And IT Infrastructure Capabilities. Sains Humanika: 3(2), 623. http://www.sainshumanika.utm.my/index.php/sainshumanika/issue/view/57

 2008 : Kertaskerja ‘Cultivating Customer Focused-Culture Through Library Generic Skills’ (menerima citation : 3 [Google Scholar] di Persidangan Customer Focused-Culture di Hotel the Zone, Stulang, Johor Bahru, 9-11 Jun 2008

 2007 :   Buku ’Antologi puisi kemerdekaan dan patriotisme : warkah anak merdeka Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (2007)’. Penerbit UTM sempena  Pertandingan Sayembara Menulis Puisi 2007, anjuran Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka (DBP) dan UTM


2002: Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2002). ‘Kajian Perbandingan Antara Kaedah Soalselidik Berteraskan Web dengan soalselidik Menggunakan Pen-dan-Kertas (PAPI) untuk Menilai Perkhidmatan di Perpustakaan : Kajian Kes di PSZ’. Master Thesis: Skudai; Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Current work: Karya kreatif 2020

Nisrin Asmanis (2020). Doktor Ibu. Susur Liku Laluanku: Belajar Sambil Bekerja. Johor: Farabi Global Resources ( in publishing process)

Nisrin Asmanis(2020). Wanita yang terbahagia. BKH (in publishing process)

Nisrin Asmanis (2020). Kumpulan puisi penulis Johor. BKH (in publishing process)

Siti Nisrin Mohd Anis (2020). Murabbi Kiriman Tuhan. Kumpulan WBM (in publishing process)

Nisrin Asmanis (2020).  Solidariti Semerah Hati. Kumpulan Puisi Prosaik : Sempena Hari Jururawat dan Hari Kesihatan. Komuniti Karyawan Johor (in publishing process)



My Expertise / Interest

Leadership | Higher Education | Training & Development | Turnitin | EndNote | Competencies | Entrepreneurship | Market & Marketing | Business | Self-development | Psychology |Smart Reading | Bibliotherapy | Research Tools | Statistics (SPSS, PLS-SEM, Rasch Model) | Qualitative Research (NVivo, Atlas.ti, Thematic Analysis) | NLP | Writing (Writers,Ghostwriter,Copywriting) | Special Children | Alternatives Subjects|



‘Begins with the End in Mind’


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Ada Apa Dengan Pensyarah?

Terima kasih Allah atas rezeki.  Dapatlah mampir ke dunia akademik dalam berbaki perkhidmatan di UTM, insya allah.  Page ini  diharap menjadi sumber bantuan kepada mana2 rakan / adik2 / anak2 yang mahu berjinak2 sebagai ahli akademia di UTM.

(a) Apa itu BC4DCP ? Baseline competencies for differentiated career pathway i.e. kompetensi asas untuk melaksanakan tanggungjawab sebagai pensyarah baru di UTM.  Ini akan diikuti dengan PTM, Program Transformasi Minda i.e. orientasi untuk staf baru UTM.  Lulus keduanya, nah, baru sah jawatan.

 (b) Tanggungjawab Pensyarah universiti penyelidikan + autonomi?  [disclaimer : atas kefahaman individu sahaja)

  1. melaksanakan komponen 7P [Pengajaran, Penyeliaan, Penyelidikan, Penulisan/Penerbitan, Perundingan, Perkhidmatan kepada masyarakat & Pengkomersilan]
  2. ISES (Integrity, Synergy, Excellence, Sustainability)

(c) Apa senarai tugasan utama dan sistem yang mesti diisi?

  1. Slide kedatangan  Isi borang cuti, semak cuti , semak kehadiran :** https://my.utm.my/–> login ACID –> slide || https://smis.utm.my/ (melalui VPN (Virtual Private Network) di https://vpn.utm.my  || aplikasi UTMSmart
  2. akses ke UTM daripada luar : VPN (Virtual Private Network) –> vpn.utm.my
  3. Kemasukan markah tahunan pensyarah :  eLPPThttps://my.utm.my/ –> login guna ACID [academic ID] –> pilih Sumber Manusia  –> http://utmhr1.utm.my/Dashboard/Landing….
  4. pilih track pensyarah = sda
  5.  Markah  Pengajaran & Pembelajaran – TESDCP (Teaching excellence) https://my.utm.my/ –> login ACID –> pilih Akademik, scroll down, pilih TES
  6.  segala maklumat berkaitan staf  =   my.utm.my
  7. Markah kemenjadian pelajar : iOBE Outcomes Based Education (iOBE) –> obe.utm.my
  8. Sistem Pelajar Postgrad – GSMS
  9. Sistem Pelajar Undergrad – aims.utm
  10. Kemasukan maklumat untuk Teaching & Learning – elearning.utm.my

Sistem di FSSH / Sekolah Pendidikan

  1.  Link website FSSH  Pendidikanhttps://humanities.utm.my/education/
  2. Projek RS1 dan RS2 SoE (pelajar mixed mode yang mengambil disertasi tesis)http://www.fp.utm.my/eproject/ProjectList.asp
  3. Link Sistem Kualiti FSSH /SoE


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Best Paying Job Info from FORBES

My eyes caught email from Forbes and this post interests me…

Professional people work Free Vector

workin’…pic from Freepik



The 20 Best-Paying Jobs For People Persons

Are you a people person? Jobs expert Laurence Shatkin, Ph.D., author of 150 Best Jobs for Your Skills, analyzed jobs and skills information provided by the Department of Labor’s Occupational Information Network to find the best-paying jobs for workers with good social skills, which includes skills of persuasion, social perceptiveness, coordination with others and negotiation. He ranked them based on 2010 median annual earnings for full-time workers, as tracked by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The 10 Best Jobs Working From Home For 2020

Just days ago, the website FlexJobs, which specializes in work-at-home jobs, published its annual list of the 100 Top Companies with Remote Jobs in 2019.

The 25 Most Meaningful Jobs That Pay Well

Click here to see all the data from Payscale.com.

Finally, Just subscribe to Forbes.com you gais…

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Begin With End In Mind

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Tangram to complete_pic from Freepik

What is it?

Answer (A) :  before we decide to put into action of something we aim to pursue, always have in mind the end result or outcome or product that we would like to achieve / to produce.

From the internet, ” It is the second habit of  Stephen Covey covers in The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Begin with the End in Mind means to think about how you would like something to turn out before you get started. Reading a recipe before cooking or looking at a map before leaving on a trip is beginning with the end in mind. For young children, a good example is that of a jigsaw puzzle” [ source: Internet]

Why is it important?

it refers to always having the image of the end of your life as your frame of reference to evaluate everything else. It’s about starting things with a clear idea of your destination so that the steps you take are always in the right direction. [source : Internet]

Why it becomes my mantra?

I would always remind myself that whatever thinking, act and emotion that I conduct, it has an impact and make ‘Pahala’ reward for the afterlife. Not only for myself but also for my late parents, deceased relatives and descendants.

Home sweet home copy space handmade home shaped symbol house Premium Photo

“Home is where the hearts belong. Home can be in any form, as long we feel belong” Thank you for reading.

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Research Support Tool – Transcriber

Funny light bulbs characters emoji icons set. Free Vector

Research emoticons_courtesy from Freepik

The qualitative research method is the trend.  Am parking the info here

Automatic interviews tool: Atlas Ti, maxqda, nvivo.

good FB info :

Syahrir Bin Zaini


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Chill eh….by Freepik

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Jom Sihat


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Happy veggies_courtesy from Freepik


Dalam beberapa ceramah kesihatan, saya sering memberitahu tentang 5 mitos tentang pemakanan yang biasa kita dengar.

1. Jika kita tidak ambil gula dalam makanan dan minuman, kita akan jadi lemah. Pada hal glukos hanya membekalkan 4kCal sementara lemak membekalkan 9kCal. Sebab itu sepatutnya orang berpuasa lebih bertenaga sebab bila kita tak ambil gula, lemak dalam tubuh akan digunakan. Oleh kerana ketika berpuasa kita tidak cukup minum air, itu yang buatkan kita lemah. Bukan sebab tak cukup ambil gula.

2. Bila sebut lemak, kita kaitkan dengan kolesterol dan beranggapan semua lemak itu berbahaya. Padahal ada lemak sihat seperti minyak zaitun, bush zaitun dan avocado yg memberikan gabungan lemak mono dan poly unsaturated fat. Ia baik menurunkan kolesterol jahat dan meningkatkan kolestrol baik.

3. Kita gagal membezakan refined carbo dan complex carbo. Kita anggap kedua2nya sama. Refined carbo mempunyai nilai Glisemik Index yang tinggi, sementara complex carbo mempunyai nilai Glisemik yang rendah. Nilai glisemik yang tinggi boleh menyebabkan keradangan yang kronik dalam tubuh dan menyebabkan penyakit kronik seperti diabetis, gout, hypertension dan lain2.

4. Jika kita tidak makan dalam masa 6-8 jam, apatah lagi 14-16 jam, ia berbahaya. Sedangkan kita berpuasa setiap tahun selama sebulan selama 14-16 jam sejak berpuluh tahun lalu. Semakin kita menjarakkan waktu makan, selamakin kita bertambah sihat. Ini dibuktikan oleh Pemenang Nobel Prize 2016 Prof Yushinori Ohsumi yang menerangkan konsep “autophagy” bila kita berpuasa.

5. Kita mahu mengamalkan pemakanan sunnah, tapi kita masih berada dalam sistem pemakanan yang salah. Jadi kita umpama mengambil daging segar dalam kuah yg basi. Tidak memberikan impak yang terbaik. Perlu kita amalkan keseluruhan Sistem Pemakanan Sunnah, baru kita akan sihat dan selamat.


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Sufism dan Rahsia Tuhan – Kisah Syeikh Hakim At Tirmidzi

by zulsegamat

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Shhh…let it be that way _ pic courtesy from Freepik


“Pada suatu hari Syeikh Tirmidzi menyerahkan buku-bukunya kepadaku untuk dibuang ke Sungai Oxus. Ketika ku periksa, ternyata buku-buku itu penuh dengan selok-belok dan kebenaran-kebenaran mistik. Aku tak dapat sepenuhnya bertekad melaksanakan perintah Syeikh itu, lalu buku-buku tersebut ku simpan di dalam kamarku. Kemudian aku katakan kepadanya bahawa buku-buku itu telah ku lemparkan ke dalam sungai.

Namun Syekh Tirmidzi bertanya semula kepadaku, Apakah yang engkau saksikan setelah itu?’

“Tidak sesuatu pun, Guru!”. jawabku.

“Kalau begitu, engkau belum membuang buku-buku itu ke dalam sungai. Pergilah dan buanglah buku-buku itu.”

Abu Bakar kali ini menjalankan perintah Syeikh. Namun ada dua persoalan yang timbul di dalam hatinya:
Pertama, mengapa Syeikh ingin membuang buku buku ini ke dalam sungai?
Kedua, apakah yang akan dia saksikan nanti setelah dia mencampakkan buku-buku tersebut ke dalam air?

Abu Bakar terus berjalan menuju sungai Oxus dan melemparkan buku-buku itu.

Ketika itu juga air sungai terbelah dan terlihatlah olehnya sebuah peti yang terbuka tutupnya.

Buku-buku itu terus jatuh dan masuk ke dalam peti tersebut, kemudian tutup peti tersebut tertutup, dan air segera sungai bersatu kembali.

Abu Bakar tercengang hairan sewaktu menyaksikan kejadian itu.

Sewaktu dia kembali, Syeikh Tirmidzi bertanya, “Sudahkeh engkau lemparkan buku-buku itu?”

“Guru, demi keagungan Allah, katakanlah kepadaku apakah rahsia di balik semua ini?” Abu Bakar bertanya pula kepada Syeikh Tirmidzi.

“Aku telah menulis buku-buku mengenai ilmu sufi dengan keterangan­-keterangan yang sulit untuk difahami oleh manusia-manusia biasa. Saudaraku Khidir meminta buku-buku itu. Peti yang engkau lihat tadi telah dibawakan oleh seekor ikan atas perintah Khidir, sedang Allah Yang Maha Besar telah memerintahkan kepada air untuk menghantarkan peti itu kepadanya,” jawab sang guru.

Kisah pendek himpunan blog Zul Segamat, mengenai rahsia ilmu Tuhan dan mereka yang terpilih untuk memahaminya. Wallahuallam.

door to adventure_pic courtesy from Freepik

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Entrepreneurship in Education – Bohemian rambles

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A Bohemian Entrepreneur _pic courtesy of Freepik

Entrepreneurship has been postulated as an extinct subject compare to digital-related things.

But I just found out the Guru after solat dhuha today!…Dr Martin Lackeus (Swedish), who brought my attention to the Late Dr  Jason Cope (UK)  which brings me to Dr Lev Semionovich Vygotsky Psychology work (Russian)

His idea is similar to mine about our understanding of the usefulness of entrepreneurial education.

the blog: http://vcplist.com/

the paper:  2015. Entrepreneurship in Education

The thesis: Value Creation as Educational Philosophy

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It’s okay to be different

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