Exercise 2

Test yourself with these questions.


1- A rugby player suffered a knee injury when he was tackled. Identify the joint involved and all movement made by this joint. List all joints categorized according to structure and functions. Give an example where these joints could be found.


2- A race-car driver crashed and slipped into a coma. The doctors put him on a mechanical ventilator to help him breath. Why does he need helps in his breathing? Explain the process of respiration. How does a mechanical ventilator helps unconscious person breath?


3- A young female was admitted into the hospital with abdominal pain and vaginal bleed. Earlier that month, she was tested positive for pregnancy using a home pregnancy kit. The doctors later diagnosed her of having ectopic pregnancy. Explain what does this mean. How should a normal pregnancy be? Identify the process involved in ovulation that ends with a successful pregnancy.


4- A strong swimmer was doing his usual swimming routine in an outside pool after a cold frosty night. He eventually suffers hypothermia. Explain what does this mean. What are the symptoms of hypothermia and what are the cause of these symptoms?



The Nervous System

The functional unit of the nervous system is nerve cell or neuron. A nerve tissue consists of hundreds of nerve cells (neurons) and neuroglial cells (Greek: glue), blood vessels, and connective tissues.   Neurons (nerve cells) In … [Continue reading]

The Cardiovascular (Cardiac and Blood Vessel) System

The cardiovascular system regulate distribution of blood through the body. The system involves the cardiac / heart and the blood vessels.   The Cardiac System The heart is about the size of a fist. Despite its small size, the heart is … [Continue reading]

The Integumentary System

The integument (skin) is the largest organ in the body. Structurally, the skin can be divided into two parts:- Epidermis - thinnest and outer portion of the skin. Generally made of 5 layers of keratinocytes (skin cells) of different stage of … [Continue reading]


Once you've done with your revision, test yourself with these questions:     … [Continue reading]

The Muscle System

This revision guide is meant to be used along side your lecture notes for SMBE1513/SQBS3273).   There aeer several functions of muscles, among others are: for movement of skeleton controls of opening e.g. eyelid, mouth, … [Continue reading]

Introduction to Basic Anatomy & Physiology

This website meant to help students with their revision for the course Basic Anatomy and Physiology (SMBE1513) and Animal Physiology (SQBS3273). Revision is for topics covered by Saleha Shahar. My main reference is Principles of Anatomy and … [Continue reading]

The Skeletal System

In this class, you were introduced with the anatomy of skeletal system followed with the physiology of the system. Below are guides and videos links to help with your revisions. Remember, this guide must be used along side of your lecture … [Continue reading]