::Supervision and Research Interest::

Research Areas

  • Application of GIS and Remote Sensing
  • Behavior Mapping and Analysis
  • Augmented Reality application in planning


Ph.D Students

  1. Tree Species Composition and Organization Based on Squirrel Behavior Pattern for Cultural Ecosystem Services Provision in Urban Park (Dr. Noraini Bahari)- Graduated.


In Malaysian urban parks, observing wildlife activity, particularly squirrels, is an unpopular recreational activity among their users. This is due to the lack of attention being placed in the planning and design stage of the park in order to create good quality wildlife habitats which meet their ecological needs, particularly in urban parks. As such, this study aims to discover the tree species composition and configuration which influence the squirrels’ activities and behaviour which could encourage squirrel-observing as a recreational activity. The three selected urban parks represent the northern, central and southern regions of Peninsular Malaysia where plantain squirrels can be found in abundance. The parks are the Taiping Lake Gardens, Taiping Perak, the Hutan Bandar, Johor Bahru and the Botanical Garden, Putrajaya. The software ERDAS IMAGINE 2014 was used to classify the land use features in each park. This is an essential tool used for extracting quantitative information from remotely-sensed image data. High resolution images of all three parks were obtained from Google Earth 2016. Each individual tree in which the plantain squirrels were sighted was plotted on GIS database using ArcGIS 10.0. Direct observations and focal animal sampling, with the help of binoculars, digital camera and activity check sheets were used to record the activities during the most active period for the squirrels, namely early in the morning and late evening. A total of four plots, with fifty-meter diameter for each park, were established based on the most squirrels sighted during the preliminary study. The relationship between the squirrels’ behaviour and the tree characteristics was analysed with Chi-Square independent test in SPSS ver. 23. The findings revealed that plantain squirrels were strictly diurnal species with their peak activity during the early morning and late evening. Trees were mostly used for food sources as plantain squirrels mainly consume fruits. In terms of tree composition, native species were more dominant than non-native ones. Clustered tree configurations exhibited connected canopies dominated all observation plots. Tree species which produced fruits all year round were widely planted in all these parks. Plantains frequently used the upper double vertical space which is in the middle and upper storey (5m-10 and 10-15m), for foraging and feeding where fruits were found in abundance. Hence, travelling activities were also mostly seen in the same storey as this activity was mainly related with looking for food source areas. In conclusion, this research allows park planners and designers to understand that the composition of trees and its configuration should be in accordance to the squirrels’ ecological requirements. Therefore, this study reveals the fundamental factors for designing urban parks which will be able to offer squirrel-observation activities among Malaysian park users.

2. Ecosystem services of urban greenery on people’s well-being (Amalina Fauzi)

3. Rifiati


  1. Indicators of Heritage Trees in Mitigating Urban Heat island at Taiping Old Town:Integrating GIS and Remote Sensing Application (Nor Suhaida binti Yusof)- Graduated


Every tree species provides different cooling effect depending on their tree characteristics.  Evergreen species such as heritage tree are significant in reducing the surface temperature. In particular, heritage trees do have environmental implications which provide lots of benefits for the environment and human health. However, the cooling effects from tree species are differ by areas they are planted. The different albedo value land cover features materials has influence the performance of tree species in giving the cooling effects to the environment.  Therefore, the aim of the study is to determine the ability of heritage trees surface temperature with land cover features in mitigating urban heat island (UHI) at Taiping Old Town. The research investigated the internal and external factors of heritage trees in reducing the Land Surface Temperature (LST) at study area. The data was utilizing from satellite imagery of Landsat 8 OLI that were obtained from USGS website. These data was processed using ERDAS IMAGINE 2014 software using graphical model function technique to generate the LST distribution of study area. Field observation also conducted to measure the heritage trees characteristics based on the vegetation parameter of cooling effect. Then, the data was processed using the GIS tools for further data analysis. These results later, correlated to measure the relationship between heritage trees and LST distribution at study area. The result indicates that the contribution of heritage trees are dominant in the vegetation parameter of cooling effect could only contribute 24.8% of cooling effect to the surrounding area. This is because the cooling effects from heritage trees were influenced by external related factors. The albedo values of land cover features for both man-made and natural features shows the shocking result by showing linear positive relationship with the R² values 0.708. This result was contradicted from previous research showed that higher albedo values, lower surface temperature however, the findings of the research revealed that the lower albedo values resulted lower surface temperature. This is because the higher frequency of heritage trees planted at the hard surface caused higher ability to reduce the LST in urban areas. In conclusion, the finding of this research could significantly contribute to the landscape practise and design, toward mitigate UHI effects. 

2.  Investigation Road Accident Factor and Its Pattern using GIS Application in Kedah (Nur Fatma Fadillah Yaacob)- Graduated


Road accidents are major world economic and social problem as the statistics of fatality keep increasing globally and locally. However, not much work has been done to address the road characteristics and environmental factors contributing to accident cases. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the relationship between; accident cases with road characteristics and environmental factors. Overall, there are six (6) parameters investigated which are the type of lane, level of services (LOS), slope, rainfall, temperature and wind. All of these data were obtained from Ibu Pejabat Polis Kontinjen (IPK) Alor Setar, Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) Alor Setar, and the Meteorology Department. Then, it was processed in ArcGIS and geospatial database of accident cases with road characteristics and environmental parameters created. Based on the analysis, Alor Setar and Sungai Petani were identified as hotspot areas for accidents and the spatial pattern of accident cases in Kedah can be classified as a clustered pattern. Accident cases were also mostly found on two-lane type of lane; but less on four-lane roads. Meanwhile, LOS, slope and rainfall negatively correlated with accident cases, which indicates higher value of level flow, slope or rainfall contributing to less number of accidents. The study also found temperature is positively correlated with accident cases during cool days (R2=0.78), but negatively correlated with warm temperature (R2=0.79). It shows that the number of road accident cases occurring during warm days decreased when the temperature was nearly 30°C. Also, the number of accident cases also reduced with the increase of the wind speed (R2=0.22). Lastly, by using the ordinary least square (OLS) method, among the six parameters (6), it has been found that LOS is the most contributing parameter to road accidents from the year 2013-2015. In conclusion, the output of this study should able to aid the local authority such as Traffic Police in decision-making wise especially in developing related strategies to reduce accidents.

3. Determination Of Sustainable Heritage Preservation Zone Using Multi-criteria Analysis In Taiping City (Muhammad Anis)

4. Johari Awang



  • Estimation Of Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Transportation In Uitm Arau (Nurul Asyiqin Binti Mohd Fazil)
  • Accuracy Comparison Of Watershed Delineation Using Various Sources Of Dem Data (Muhamad Sharizal Bin Nordin)
  • Spatial Statistic Analysis On Childhood Malnutrition Cases In Asia (Norshahira Binti Baharom)
  • Analyzing Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Electricity In UITM Perlis For Assessing Low Carbon Campus (Nurhani Nadirah Binti Hamzah)
  • Monitoring And Assessment Carbon Sequestration Of Mangrove Using Remote Sensing And GIS Integration (Siti Mariam Azlan)
  • Carbon Storage Assessment In Oil Palm Plantation (Muhamad Shakir Aiman Bin Che Awang)
  • Identification Of The Shortest Route In Uitm Perlis Library For Emergency Response (Syaza Kamarolazlan)
  • Influence Of Land Use Spatial Changes To River Morphology (Norshakinah Md Sharif)
  • The Investigation Of Land Use Changes From Forest To Oil Palm In Sabah (Asma’ Amalina Bt Md Yusof)
  • Application Of Hydrological Modeling To Estimate Stormwater Run-off Using Xpswmm (Azmaya Binti Noordin Ahmad)
  • Forecasting Spatial Pattern Of Land Use And Land Cover Change Using Cellular Automata (Nur Aisyah Binti Mohd Baharudin )
  • Analysis Of Landslide Prediction As Related To Landuse Changes In Perlis (Nur Syahira Binti Rashid)
  • Spatial Correlation Of Dengue Outbreak Pattern Based On Climate Change In Malaysia (Rabiatul Adawiyah Bt Ab Halim)
  • Spatial Correlation Analysis Of Obesity Cases With Demographic And Fast Food Outlets Distribution (Siti Nur Zulaikha Che Humaidi )
  • Assessment Of Topographic Mapping By Using Digital Metric Camera And Digital Consumer Grade Camera At Taiping (Abdul Wafi Bin Abd Ghani )
  • The Accuracy Assessment Of Agisoft Photoscan And Pix4d Software In Orthophoto Production (Muhammad Faisal Bin Abdur Rani)
  • Analysis of DEM from UAV Orthophoto and TanDEM-X imagery in UiTM Perlis (Nur Fakihin Auni Ahmad Razali)
  • Application of Thermal Infrared Sensor data on Landsat 8 Satellite Imagery and Its Significant in Road Accident in Kedah (Raziefa Razak)