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The frame book aims to facilitate the formulation of sound policies and best practices that support sustainable water management and ensure water security especially in dealing with climate change impact.
This study seeks to identify sediment sources, quantify erosion rates, and assess water quality status via sediment fingerprinting, the Modified Laser Erosion Bridge (MLEB) method, and various pollution indices (PIs), respectively, in the humid tropics (Malaysia). Geochemical elements were used as tracers in sediment fingerprinting. Erosion rates were measured at 3,241 points that encompass high conservation value forests (HCVFs); logged forests (LFs); mature oil palm (MOP); and mature rubber (MR) plantations. Annual erosion rates were 63.26–84.44, 42.38, 43.76–84.40, and 5.92–59.32 t ha−1 yr−1 in the HCVF, LF, MOP, and MR, respectively. Via sediment fingerprinting, logging and agricultural plantations were identified as the major contributors of the sediment. PIs also indicated the highest level of pollution in those catchments. This study highlighted three main messages: (i) the feasibility and applicability of the multiproxy sediment fingerprinting approach in identifying disaster-prone areas; (ii) the MLEB as a reliable and accurate method for monitoring erosion rates within forested and cultivated landscapes; and (iii) the adaptation of PIs in providing information regarding the status of river water quality without additional laboratory analyses. The combination of these approaches aids in identifying high-risk and disaster-prone areas for the prioritisation of preventive measures in the tropics.
Align with enhancing the achievement of SDGs, the goal of IC-ENSURES 2019 is to gather scholars from all over the world to present advances in the relevant fields and to foster an environment conducive to exchanging ideas and information. This conference also provided an ideal environment to develop new collaborations and meet experts on the fundamentals, applications, and products of the mentioned fields. Selected papers will be published under the Special Issue of the participating journals. CESRES 2019 was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The conference embraces international keynote speakers from academia, industry and government institution.
Riparian buffers in tropical agriculture: Scientific support, effectiveness and directions for policy
Journal Of Applied Hydrology, 2019. 56: 85-92
Sarah H. Luke1,2 |Eleanor M. Slade3,4 |Claudia L. Gray5|Kogila V. Annammala6 |Julia Drewer7 |Joseph Williamson8 |Agnes L. Agama9|MiklinAtiong10|Simon L. Mitchell1 |Charles S. Vairappan11|Matthew J. Struebig1
1Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK; 2Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK; 3Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 4Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, UK; 5Department of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK; 6Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Water Security (IPASA), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia;
7Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), Edinburgh, UK; 8School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK; 9South East Asia Rainforest Research Partnership (SEARRP), Lahad Datu, Malaysia; 10Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Water Resources Management Section, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia and 11Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
There is a weak evidence base supporting the effective management of riparian ecosystems within tropical agriculture. Policies to protect riparian buffers—strips of non-cultivated land alongside waterways—are vague andvary greatly between countries.
From a rapid evidence appraisal, we find that riparian buffers are beneficial to hydrology, water quality, biodiversity and some ecosystem functions in tropical landscapes. However, effects on connectivity, carbon storage and emissions re-duction remain understudied. Riparian functions are mediated by buffer width and habitat quality, but explicit threshold recommendations are rare.
3. Policy implications. A one-size fits all width criterion, commonly applied, will be insufficient to provide all riparian functions in all circumstances. Context-specific guidelines for allocating, restoring and managing riparian buffers are necessary to minimise continued degradation of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in tropical agriculture.
biodiversity, conservation set-aside, ecosystem function, environmental policy, riparian corridor, riparian reserve, river, water quality
Agriculture in Malaysia makes up to twelve percent of thenation’s GDP and is supplying one-third of the world rubber export. Ambitious agriculture demand increases the intensity of forest conversion which is driven to the soil erosion. Thus, this study is to measure and analyse the impact of forest conversion on soil erosion relate to some manipulated variables such as slope, bulk density, soil moisture, canopy openness and ground cover, where rainfall and soil type are constant within the sites. Two different land-uses of High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) and Mature Rubber Plantation of Timber Latex Clone (MRP) were selected around Kelantan state, due to the high land conversion compared to the other states of West Malaysia. Ground height change was monitored by using Modified Laser Erosion Bridge (MLEB) in between 17 to 48 transects. The result found that the annual soil erosion rate was 76.12 t.ha-1.yr-1 for HCVF is higher compared to the MRP was 6.37 t.ha-1.yr-1. Terrace soil conservation technique is practiced for MRP helps in reducing soil movement resulted significant low erosion rate compared to the HCVF. The results indicate that even a relatively limited forest conversion can be assumed to have a significant effect on regional soil erosion rate.
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The third proceeding of civil engineering research work by our final year students from the School of Civil Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia Session 2017/2018. These students had undergone two semesters of final year project where literature reviews were carried out and proposals were prepared during the first semester while the research projects were executed and final year project reports were written up during the second semester. Each of the completed research project was presented by the student before a panel consisted of academic staffs that are well versed in the particular research area, together with a representative from the industry. The final year project presentation that was held on the 3rd and 4th of June 2018 allowed the dissemination of knowledge and results in theory, methodology and application on the different fields of civil engineering among the audience and served as a platform where any vague knowledge was clarified and any misunderstood theories, procedures and interpretation of the research works were corrected.
The articles of the proceeding are published in three volumes and are organized in broad categories as follows:
Volume 1- Structure and Materials Volume 2– Construction Management, Geotechnics and Transportation
Volume 3– Water and Environmental Engineering
List of Editors
1. Dr. Libriati Zardasti
2. Dr. Nur Syamimi Zaidi
3. Dr. Ain Naadia Mazlan
4. Dr. Mohamed Zuhaili Bin Mohamed Najib
5. Dr. Kogila Vani Annammala
6. Dr. Eeydzah Aminudin
7. Dr. Dayang Zulaika Abang Hasbollah
8. Dr. Mohd Ridza Mohd Haniffah
9. Dr. Nur Hafizah Abd Khalid
10. PM. Dr. Norhisham Bin Bakhary
We proudly present the second proceeding of civil engineering research work by our final year students in the Faculty of Civil Engineering at University Teknologi Malaysia in session 2016/2017. These students had undergone two semesters of final year project where literature reviews were carried out and proposals were prepared during the first semester while the research projects were executed and final year project reports were written up during the second semester. Each of the completed research project was presented by the student before a panel of presentation that consisted of academic staff that are well versed in the particular research area together with a representative from the industry. The final year project presentation that was held on the 4th to 5th June 2017 allowed the dissemination of knowledge and results in theory, methodology and application on the different fields of civil engineering among the audience and served as a platform where any vague knowledge was clarified and any misunderstood theories, procedures and interpretation of the research works were corrected.
All accepted technical papers have been submitted to peer-review by a panel of expert referees, and selected based on originality, significance and clarity for the purpose of the proceeding. The quality of these technical papers ranged from good to excellent, illustrating the experience and training of the young researchers. We sincerely hope that the proceeding provides a broad overview of the latest research results on related fields. The articles of the proceeding are published in three volumes and are organized in broad categories as follows:
The review process was owing to the educational nature of the proceeding. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all the Technical Proceeding Committee members for their hard work, precious time and endeavor preparing for the proceeding. Last but not least, we would like to thank each and every contributing final year project students for their efforts and academic staff who serve as supervisors for their support for this proceeding.