Collaboration between Sabah Department of Irrigation and Drainage, University of Oxford, University of Kent, University of Lancaster,South East Asia Rainforest Research Partnership (SEARRP) and UTM.


This 2 day conference highlighted  the many challenges in managing the scarce water resources in the state. The conference provides a strategic networking platform for all walks of life in-line with its theme “River – Source of Life”

Picture: Mr.Miklin Ationg (Head,Water Resources Managememt Section, Department of Irrigation and Drainage Sabah), Dr Agnes ( Assistant Director for policy, SEARRP), myself and  SEARRP Scientists Dr. Eleanor Slade, Dr. Sarah Luke.

“The protection of “riparian reserves” – 20m on either side of rivers more than 3m wide – is a legal requirement in Sabah, which is a state regulation designed to protect water quality, water quantity and aquatic environments. With a growing interest in sustainability, the possible biodiversity co-benefits of this policy have been recognised by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) Sabah, including the provision of natural habitats for important species, improved landscape connectivity, and the protection of important ecosystem services such as increased carbon sequestration. However, there is currently little empirical evidence available to demonstrate that riparian reserves are effective in conserving biodiversity and ecosystems. Where research exists, these insights are often inaccessible to policy-makers and practitioners in Sabah”.-SEARRP,2017.

An article on this have also been published in SEARRP’s official website which can be viewed at :

2nd Proceeding of Civil Engineering

We proudly present the second proceeding of civil engineering research work by our final year students in the Faculty of Civil Engineering at University Teknologi Malaysia in session 2016/2017. These students had undergone two semesters of final year project where literature reviews were carried out and proposals were prepared during the first semester while the research projects were executed and final year project reports were written up during the second semester. Each of the completed research project was presented by the student before a panel of presentation that consisted of academic staff that are well versed in the particular research area together with a representative from the industry. The final year project presentation that was held on the 4th to 5th June 2017 allowed the dissemination of knowledge and results in theory, methodology and application on the different fields of civil engineering among the audience and served as a platform where any vague knowledge was clarified and any misunderstood theories, procedures and interpretation of the research works were corrected.

All accepted technical papers have been submitted to peer-review by a panel of expert referees, and selected based on originality, significance and clarity for the purpose of the proceeding. The quality of these technical papers ranged from good to excellent, illustrating the experience and training of the young researchers. We sincerely hope that the proceeding provides a broad overview of the latest research results on related fields. The articles of the proceeding are published in three volumes and are organized in broad categories as follows:

The review process was owing to the educational nature of the proceeding. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all the Technical Proceeding Committee members for their hard work, precious time and endeavor preparing for the proceeding. Last but not least, we would like to thank each and every contributing final year project students for their efforts and academic staff who serve as supervisors for their support for this proceeding.


The full compilation can be downloaded at:

2nd Proceeding of Civil Engineering : Complete set DOWNLOAD

Soil Erosion: Field Measurement

The soil erosion rate is the loss of soil mass over time for a specific land area. Erosion is a natural process caused by wind, rain and moving water. Soil erosion affects farming, construction projects and homeowners living near rivers, oceans and on terrestrial slopes. Excessive erosion is often caused by human activities, such as deforestation, road construction and intensive farming. You can calculate the soil erosion rate by measuring the loss of soil mass over a specific time period.

Currently PhD Candidate Nur Atirah is working in determining the erosion rate in:Primary forest and comparing the rates from agricultural plantations : Rubber and oil Palm along with 2 final year civil engineering undergraduate students Izhar and Fahmi. I need to mention here on the dedication and hard work that these students showed during field work. I am sure they would be fine engineers soon whom is not thinking twice to get their hands dirty in field.

This is still an on going research. Herewith sharing some field pictures taken. The study/ monitoring sites are located in state of Kelantan, Malaysia. Locations included: Primary forest, recently logged forest ( picture 1) ,

Oil palm plantation ( matured and recently planted sites) and within matured rubber plantation.
It is tough field work which requires high determination and stamina and perseverance. Working under hot sun and in rugged environment. I am lucky to have a good set of field team who was/ still is very cooperative, helpful.. and we end up having fun in the field too..

had some ‘visitors’ in the field too.. observing our monitoring and measurement action ( a huge spider- which I do not know the name of he species nor if it is poisonous: but she managed to pump in some excitement and fun during the site visit/ measuring). If anyone knows the species or if its harmful pls do drop a comment below.

Thanks to the supporting team: En Wan and En Jamal. It was a very successful field visit, and thank to almighty God for ensuring we were safe throughout the journey/ adventure. We had lucrative harvest of data.. to work with.

Water Leaders Forum 2017

 Water Leaders Forum 2017 (WLF 17) is a continuation of the Johor Water Sustainability Symposium 2017 which took place on August 7 and 8 2017, where local experts and agencies have been involved to formulate solutions to water issues in the State of Johor. In addition to creating an inspirational sharing and knowledge amongst the agencies involved, the symposium has succeeded in formulating a sustainable water management resolution that will serve as the basis for planning and managing resources and water industries. WLF 17 is organised by Johor Water Forum (JWF), an organization that is responsible to advise and assist the State Government in handling water issues. The first Forum organized by JWF held in 2015 has been a source of ideas for better resource management and water supply. The State of Johor has taken a positive step towards finding alternative sources of water and formulating strategies towards sustainable water resources management.

Among the principal issues raised during JWF 15 are;

  1. Dramatic increase for clean water demand as a result rapid developments especially in the Iskandar Region. In addition to local requirements, the State of Johor is committed to further supplying raw water resources to Singapore and Malacca;
  1. Water supply becomes more critical every time the drought occurs. Over dependency on river water will expose the state to serious water supply disruptions especially during drought;
  1. Pollution levels become more serious during dry seasons because the river’s ability to dilute the contaminants becomes limited;
  1. River pollution has become a major threat that limits the inadequate water resources;
  1. Efforts should be made to obtain more alternative sources such as groundwater, large scale rainwater harvesting, desalination  and construction of barrage;
  1. In addition to supply enhancement, the demand management approach is equally important to ensuring sustainable management. This requires changing the behaviour of users through public awareness programs, formal education at schools, imposing penalties or charges, providing incentives, and formulating appropriate policies;
  1. Integrated River Basin Management should be strengthened to ensure water resources security.


The Official Picture of the VVIP and invited speakers whom attended the first day of the forum:
YAB Dato’ Mohamed Khaled bin Nordin ( Johor Chief Minister), YB Datuk Ir Hj Hasni bin Mohammad ( Chairman of Water Leaders Forum), YE Zulkifli Marsagos Mohamad (Ministry of Environment and Water Resources, Singapore). And Keynote and Invited Speakers:
Prof Mooyoung Han, Dr Kotaro Takemura, Dr Zhou Tong, Datuk Ir.Dr Azuhan Mohamed, Prof Zulkifli Yusop, Dato Teo Yen Hua, Datuk Ir. Hj Mohd Khalid Nasir, Tan Sri Dato Ir Syed Muhammad Shahabuddin, Datuk Ir Abdul Kadir Mohd Din

Dato’ Teo Yen Hua

Invited Speakers
Datuk Ir. Hj. Mohd Khalid bin Nasir
Tan Sri Dato’ Ir. Syed Muhammad Shahabuddin
Prof. Dato’ Mazlin bin Mokhtar

Datuk Ir. Haji Hasni Mohammad

Closing ceremony
YB Datuk Ir. Dr. Hamim Samuri

( Live Video by Johor Times)

The link:

#Live Water Leaders Forum 2017 – Day 2UcaptamaDato' Teo Yen HuaPembentangDatuk Ir. Hj. Mohd Khalid bin NasirTan Sri Dato' Ir. Syed Muhammad ShahabuddinProf. Dato' Mazlin bin MokhtarDiscussantDatuk Ir. Haji Hasni MohammadPerasmian PenutupYB Datuk Ir. Dr. Hamim Samuri

Posted by JohorTimes on Isnin, 2 Oktober 2017

Tan Sri Dato’ Ir. Syed Muhammad Shahabuddin
Prof. Dato’ Mazlin bin Mokhtar

Datuk Ir. Haji Hasni Mohammad

Official Closing ceremony
YB Datuk Ir. Dr. Hamim Samuri

#Live Water Leaders Forum 2017 – Day 2PembentangTan Sri Dato' Ir. Syed Muhammad ShahabuddinProf. Dato' Mazlin bin MokhtarDiscussantDatuk Ir. Haji Hasni MohammadPerasmian PenutupYB Datuk Ir. Dr. Hamim Samuri

Posted by JohorTimes on Isnin, 2 Oktober 2017

The topics discussed includes:

  1. Keynote 1His Excellency Masagos Zulkifli bin Masagos Mohamad

    Minister of Environment and Water Resource, Singapore

    Keynote Title : Recipe for Water Management Successes in Singapore

  2. Speaker 1Prof. Dato’ Dr. Mazlin bin Mokhtar – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, (UKM) Title : Integrated River Basin Management : Time for Stronger Action
  3. Speaker 2Raymond Valiant Ruritan – Main Director of Jasa Tirta 1 Title : Success story of IRBM in Kali Brantas, Indonesia
  4. Speaker 3Prof. Mooyoung Han – Seoul National University, Korea  Title : Success Story of Rainwater Harvesting in Star City, Korea
  5. Speaker 4Dr. Kotaro Takemura – Japan Water Forum

    Title : Success Story of Groundwater Utilization in Kumamoto, Japan

  6. Speaker 5Dr. Zhou Tong – Deputy General Manager, UES Holding Pte. Lmt., Singapore Title : Making Desalination a Viable Option
  7. Speaker 6Datuk Ir. Dr. Azuhan bin Mohamed – Director General National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM)

    Title : Groundwater Potential and Misconception in Malaysia

  8. Keynote 2Dato’ Teo Yen Hua

    Former CEO of The National Water Services Commission (SPAN) Tajuk Ucaptama : A Decade of Water Industry Reform : Time to Reflect

  9. Speaker 7Datuk Ir. Hj. Mohd Khalid bin Nasir – CEO, Syarikat Air Melaka Berhad Title : Challenges in Water Supply Industry Reform in Malaysia
  10. Speaker 8Tan Sri Dato’ Ir. Syed Muhammad Shahabuddin

    SMHB/Academy of Science Malaysia

    Title : Ensuring a Win-Win Water Partnership between the State and Federal Entities

  11. Speaker 9Datuk Ir. Abdul Kadir bin Mohd Din – President of The Malaysian Water Association (MWA)

    Title : Water Sustainability: The Roles of NGO and the Public

Who Am I?


She is determined, highly motivated and very eager to spread the environmental word. Malaysian Kogila Vani Annammala (‘Vani’) knows what she wants and doesn’t let anybody get in her way. ‘You don’t want to lose your dream because other people told you so.’ A portrait of an emerging scientist and Earthwatch Team lead” -@Elbers (Earthwatch Coordinator, Oxford-UK)


  • FIELD TEAM LEADER (EARTHWATCH UK)-Borneo Climate Change Project, Sabah Biodiversity Experiment, Sabah.-Since June 2010
  • ACADEMIC CONSULTANT-South East Asia Rainforest Research Programme (SEARRP), Kota Kinabalu, Sabah- Since June 2015


PostDoctoral Research: May 2015 – March 2016: Institute of Environmental and Water Resource Management (iPASA),Faculty of Civil Engineering,University Technology Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johore.

PostDoctoral Research Associate: June 2015 – June 2016 :SouthEast Asia Rainforest Research Partnership (SEARRP),Danum Valley-Sabah

Research Officer : Mac 2009- 2014 : Department of Environmental Science,School of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.

Field Team Leader ( Earthwatch Borneo Project) : June 2010 till current ( Climate and Landscape Change in Borneo’s Rainforest,Earthwatch Institute,Mayfielf House,256 Banbury Road,Oxford, OX2 7DE, United Kingdom

 Research Assistant; June 2007 – December 2008 :Department of Bio-medics and Therapeutics, School Of Medicine, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia.

 Tutor and Demonstrator- Open University Malaysia (OUM): June 2006-Sept 2006 Open University Malaysia-Cawangan Kota Kinabalu,Campus UMS,Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Chemist, Anametrics (M) Sdn.Bhd: Nov 2006 – June 2007 :Anametrics Sdn. Bhd, Jalan Astaka Seksyen U8/84, 40150 Selangor

Industrial attachment, GIST, South Korea: Mar 2005-Aug 2005: Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental System Engineering Laboratory (ESEL), Gwangju Institute of Science and technology, 1 Oryong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712, Korea.


April 2010 – 2014: Visiting Researcher/ Temporary Staff: Department of Geography, University of Swansea, Singelton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP

June 2010-current Field Team Leader: Climate Change and Landscape in Borneo’s

Climate, Earthwatch UK


Research category: Physical Sciences, Environment and Energy (Silver Medal)

K.Bidin, K.V. Annammala, R.P.D Walsh. 2014.Use of Radionuclide fallout and geochemical parameters to study the impacts of Landuse change on sedimentation. Research and Innovation competition (PEREKA 2014). Universiti Malaysia Sabah. 27 October 2015.

Research category: Physical Sciences, Environment and Energy (Silver Medal)

K.Bidin, K.V. Annammala, R.P.D Walsh. 2013.Contextualizing Impacts of Landuse change on sediment Dynamics using Radionuclide fallout and sediment fingerprinting technique. Research and Innovation competition (PEREKA 2013). Universiti Malaysia Sabah. 12-13 September 2013

Innovation category: Physical Sciences, Environment and Energy (Silver Medal)

K.Bidin, K.V.Annammala, R.P.D. Walsh, A.Nainar & F.N. Cleopas. 2013.Modified Laser Erosion Bridge to measure soil Erosion.Research and Innovation competition (PEREKA 2013). Universiti Malaysia Sabah. 12-13 September 2013.

Interview and news article as outstanding Scientist profile, published in ‘The Reach’ annual News Letter, Earthwatch’s capacity and Development Newsletter,Issue 15, 2011/2012

Fellowship Award from Shell International BV (2009-2013)

Invited and full sponsor by Royal Geographic Society, London, Delivered Public Lecture on Climate Change, in Oxford, London. (2011)

Travel Grant by UMS & GIST Joint Programme symposium on Science and Technology (2010)

Full Scholarship from YTL Foundation, Sabah (2005- 2008)


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