Journal Papers (Selected)

J56. K.J. Wong, W.W.F. Chong and K.-L. Goh, Fiber bridging mechanism in moisture?induced mode I delamination in carbon/epoxy composites: Finite element analysis and experimental investigation, Polymer Composites, 44(2), 1392-1407, 2023

J55. M.B. Lee, C.T. Lee, W.W.F. Chong and S.M. Sanip, A Quick and Facile Solution-Processed Method for PEDOT: PSS Transparent Conductive Thin Film, IIUM Engineering Journal, 24, 170-182, 2023

J54. S. Tan, G. Zhou, Q, Yang, S. Ge, J. Liu, Y.W. Cheng, P.N.Y. Yek, W. A. Wan Mahari, S.H. Kong, J.-S. Chang, C. Sonne, W.W.F. Chong and S.S. Lam, Utilization of current pyrolysis technology to convert biomass and manure waste into biochar for soil remediation: A review, Science of The Total Environment, 864, 160990, 2023

J53. S.Y. Foong, Y.H. Chan, S.S. M. Lock, B.L.F. Chin, C.L. Yiin, K.W. Cheah, A.C.M. Loy, P.N.Y. Yek, W.W.F. Chong and S.S. Lam, Microwave processing of oil palm wastes for bioen- ergy production and circular economy: Recent advancements, challenges, and future prospects, Bioresource Technology, 369, 128478, 2023

J52. X. Jin, Y. Liang, J. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Wu, W.W.F. Chong, C. Sonne, S.S. Lam and C. Xia, Hierarchical self-assembly of polyphenolic functionalized magnetic superstructure for enhanced removal of organic dyes, Chemical Engineering Journal, 457, 141142, 2023

J51. J. Zhao, H. Ma, W. Wu, M. A. Bacar, Q. Wang, M. Gao, C. Wu, C. Xia, D. Qian, W.W.F. Chong and S.S. Lam, Product spectrum analysis and microbial insights of medium-chain fatty acids production from waste biomass during liquor fermentation process: Effects of substrate concentrations and fermentation modes, Bioresource Technology, 368, 128375, 2023

J50. Y. Shi, J. Jiang, H. Ye, Y. Sheng, Y. Zhou, S.Y. Foong, C. Sonne, W.W.F. Chong, S.S. Lam, Y. Xie, J. Li and S.Ge, Transforming municipal cotton waste into a multilayer fibre biocomposite with high strength, Environmental Research, 218, 114967, 2023

J49. C.T. Lee, M.B. Lee, W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, K. J. Wong and C. T. Chong, Boundary Lubricity of Vegetable-Oil-Derived Trimethylolpropane (TMP) Ester, Lubricants, 10, 346, 2022

J48. M. B. Lee, C. T. Lee, W.W.F. Chong, C. T. Chong and S. M. Sanip, Surface morphology and nanofriction of thermally treated multilayer graphene, International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 16, 349-366, 2022

J47. G.R. Mong, C.S. Liew, W.W.F. Chong, R. Idris, J.-H. Ng, and M.C. Chiong, Bioenergy Generation Potential of Empty Fruit Bunch and Waste Tire Through Microwave Pyrolysis: An Energy Balance Analysis, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 97, 283-288, 2022

J46. N.A.A. Ariffin, H.H. Ang, S.H. Hamdan, H.A. Israr and W.W.F. Chong, A Numerical Algorithm for Grease-Lubricated Point Contact at Different Regimes of Lubrication, Jurnal Tribologi, 35, 50-67, 2022

J45. G.R. Mong, C.S. Liew, W.W.F. Chong, S.A.M. Nor, J.-H. Ng, R. Idris, M.C. Chiong, J.W. Lim, Z.A. Zakaria and K.S. Woon, Environment impact and bioenergy analysis on the microwave pyrolysis of WAS from food industry: Comparison of CO2 and N2 atmosphere, Journal of Environmental Management, 319, 115665, 2022

J44. C.T. Lee, M.B. Lee, G.R. Mong and W.W.F. Chong, A bibliometric analysis on the tribo- logical and physicochemical properties of vegetable oil-based bio-lubricants (2010-2021), Envi- ronmental Science and Pollution Research, 29, 56215-56248, 2022

J43. G.R. Mong, C.T. Chong, W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, H. C. Ong, V. Ashokkumar, M.-Vu Tran, S. Karmakar, B.sH.H. Goh, M.F.M. Yasin Progress and challenges in sustainable pyrolysis technology: Reactors, feedstocks and products, Fuel, 324, 124777, 2022

J42. G.R. Mong, W.W.F. Chong, S.A.M. Nor, J.-H. Ng, C.T. Chong, R. Idris, M.C. Chiong, S. Wong, B.B. Nyakuma, Waste-to-BioEnergy pathway for waste activated sludge from food pro- cessing industries: An experiment on the valorization potential under CO2 and N2 atmospheres through microwave-induced pyrolysis, Fuel, 323, 124380, 2022

J41. C.T. Lee, M.B. Lee, S.H. Hamdan, W.W.F. Chong, C.T. Chong, H. Zhang and A.W.L. Chen, Trimethylolpropane trioleate as eco-friendly lubricant additive, Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 35, 101068, 2022

J40. R. Idris, W.W.F. Chong, A. Ali, S. Idris, W.H. Tan, R.M. Salim, G.R. Mong and C.T. Chong, Pyrolytic oil with aromatic-rich hydrocarbons via microwave-induced in-situ catalytic co-pyrolysis of empty fruit bunches with a waste truck tire, Energy Conversion and Manage- ment, 244, 114502, 2021

J39. M.C. Chiong, C.T. Chong, J.-H. Ng, S. Mashruk, W.W.F. Chong, N.A. Samiran, G.R. Mong and A. Valera-Medina, Advancements of combustion technologies in the ammonia-fuelled engines, Energy Conversion and Management, 244, 114460, 2021

J38. G.R. Mong, W.W.F. Chong, S.A.M. Nor, J.-H. Ng, C.T. Chong, R. Idris, J. Too, M.C. Cheong and M.A. Abas. Pyrolysis of waste activated sludge from food manufacturing industry: Thermal degradation, kinetics and thermodynamics analysis, Energy, 235, 121264, 2021

J37. G.R. Mong, C.T. Chong, J.-H. Ng, W.W.F. Chong, H.C. Ong and M.-V. Tran. Multivariate optimisation study and life cycle assessment of microwave-induced pyrolysis of horse manure for waste valorisation and management, Energy, 216, 119194, 2021

J36. R. Idris, W.W.F. Chong, A. Ali, S. Idris, M.F. Hasan, F.N. Ani, C.T. Chong, Phenolic-rich Bio-Oil Derivation via Microwave-Induced Fast Pyrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunch with Activated Carbon as Microwave Susceptor, Environmental Technology & Innovation, 21, 101291, 2021

J35. S.H. Hamdan, C.T. Lee, M.B. Lee, W.W.F. Chong, C.T. Chong, S.M. Sanip, Synergistic nano-tribological interaction between zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) and methyl oleate for biodiesel-fueled engines, Friction, 9, 612-626, 2021 

J34. G.R. Mong, C.T. Chong, J.-H. Ng, W.W.F. Chong, S.S. Lam, H.C. Ong, and F.N. Ani, Microwave Pyrolysis for Valorisation of Horse Manure Biowaste, Energy Conversion and Management, 220, 113074, 2020

J33. M.C. Chiong, A. Valera-Medina, W.W.F. Chong, C.T. Chong, G.R. Mong, and M.N.M. Jaafar, Effects of swirler vane angle on palm biodiesel/natural gas combustion in swirl-stabilised gas turbine combustor, Fuel, 277, 118213, 2020

J32. C.T. Chong, M.C. Chiong, Z.Y. Teyo, J.-H Ng, W.W.F. Chong, MV Tran, S.S. Lam, and A. Valera-Medina, Pool Fire Burning Characteristics of Biodiesel, Fire Technology, 56, 1703-1724, 2020

J31. W.W.F. Chong, S.H. Hamdan, K.J. Wong and S. Yusup, Modelling Transitions in Regimes of Lubrication for Rough Surface Contact, Lubricants, 7:77, 2019

J30. N.A. Samiran, C.T. Chong, J.-H. Ng, M.V. Tran, H.C.Ong, A. Valera-Medina, W.W.F. Chong, and M.N.M. Jaafar, Experimental and numerical studies on the premixed syngas swirl flames in a model combustor, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44:24126-24139, 2019

J29. M. Johar, W.W.F. Chong, H.S. Kang, and K.J. Wong, Effects of moisture absorption on the different modes of carbon/epoxy composites delamination, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 165:117-125, 2019

J28. C.T. Chong, M.C. Chiong, J.-H. Ng, M. Lim, M.V. Tran, A. Valera-Medina, A. and W.W.F. Chong. Oxygenated sunflower biodiesel: Spectroscopic and emissions quantification under reacting swirl spray conditions, Energy, 178:804-813, 2019

J27. C.T. Chong, G.R. Mong, J.-H. Ng, W.W.F. Chong, F.N. Ani, S.S. Lam and H.C. Ong.Pyrolysis characteristics and kinetic studies of horse manure using thermogravimetric analysis, Energy Conversion and Management, 180:1260-1267, 2019

J26. G.R. Mong, J.-H. Ng, W.W.F. Chong, F.N. Ani, S.S. Lam and C.T. Chong, Kinetic Study of Horse Manure through Thermogravimetric Analysis, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 72:241-246, 2019

J25. M.C. Chiong, C.T. Chong, J.-H. Ng, S.S. Lam, M.V. Tran, W.W.F. Chong, M.N.M. Jaafar and A. Valera-Medina. Liquid biofuels production and emissions performance in gas turbines: A review, Energy Conversion and Management, 173:640-658, 2018

J24. Y. C. Ng, S.H. Hamdan and W.W.F. Chong. Development of a mathematical tool to predict engine in-cylinder friction, Jurnal Tribologi, 17:29-39, 2018

J23. M. Johar, H.S. Kang, W.W.F. Chong and K.J. Wong. A further generalization of thickness- dependent non-Fickian moisture absorption model using plain woven epoxy composites, Polymer Testing, 69:522-527, 2018

J22. H. Zhang, Y. Takeuchi, W.W.F. Chong, Y. Mitsuya, K. Fukuzawa and S. Itoh. Simultaneous in situ measurements of contact behavior and friction to understand the mechanism of lubrication with nanometer-thick liquid lubricant films, Tribology International, 127:138-146,2018

J21. S.H. Hamdan, W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, C.T. Chong and H. Zhang. Nano-tribological characterisation of palm oil-based trimethylolpropane ester for application as boundary lubricant, Tribology International, 127:1-9, 2018

J20. W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, S.Rajoo and C.T. Chong. Passenger transportation sector gasoline consumption due to friction in Southeast Asian countries, Energy Conversion and Man- agement, 158:346-358, 2018

J19. S.H. Hamdan, W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, C.T. Chong and S.Rajoo. A study of the tribological impact of biodiesel dilution on engine lubricant properties, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 112:288-297, 2017

J18. S.H. Hamdan, W.W.F. Chong, J.-H. Ng, M.J. Ghazali and R.J.K. Wood. Influence of fatty acid methyl ester composition on tribological properties of vegetable oils and duck fat derived biodiesel, Tribology International, 113:76-82, 2017

J17. C.T. Chong, W.H. Tan, S.L. Lee, W.W.F. Chong, S.S. Lam and A. Valera-Medinae. Morphology and growth of carbon nanotubes catalytically synthesised by premixed hydrocarbon-rich flames, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 197:246-255, 2017

J16. W.W.F. Chong and S.J. Chidlow. Analysing the effects of sliding, adhesive contact on the deformation and stresses induced within a multi-layered elastic solid, Mechanics of Materials, 101:1-13, 2016

J15. W.W.F. Chong and J-H. Ng. An atomic-scale approach for biodiesel boundary lubricity characterisation, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 113:34-43, 2016

J14. W.H. Tan, S.L. Lee, J.-H. Ng, W.W.F. Chong and C.T. Chong. Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized from Hydrocarbon-Rich Flame, International Journal of Technology, 7(2):343-351, 2016

J13. W.W.F. Chong and H. Rahnejat. Nanoscale friction as a function of a potential energy barrier, Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, 3(4):044002, 2015 (Selected as one of the journal’s 2015 highlights)

J12. I.S.Y. Ku, W.W.F. Chong, T. Reddyhoff and H. Rahnejat. Frictional characteristics of molecular length ultra-thin boundary adsorbed films, Meccanica, 50:1915-1922, 2015

J11. W.W.F. Chong and S. J. Chidlow. Modelling adhesive contact problems involving a layered elastic solid and cylindrical indenter using Lennard Jones potential, Mechanics of Materials, 84:1-11, 2015

J10. W.W.F. Chong and M. De la Cruz. Elastoplastic contact of rough surfaces – a line contact model for boundary regime of lubrication, Meccanica, 49:1177-1191, 2014

J9. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and H. Rahnejat. Mixed thermo-elastohydrodynamic cam-tappet power loss in low-speed emission cycles, International Journal of Engine Research, 15:153- 164, 2014

J8. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and H. Rahnejat. Nano-scale elastoplastic adhesion of wet asperities, Proc. IMechE, Part J, Journal of Engineering Tribology, 227:996-1010, 2013

J7. S.J. Chidlow, W.W.F. Chong and M. Teodorescu. On the two-dimensional solution of both adhesive and non-adhesive contact problems involving functionally graded materials, European Journal of Mechanics-A/Solids, 39:86-103, 2013

J6. W.W.F. Chong, S. Howell-Smith, M. Teodorescu and N. D. Vaughan. The influence of inter- ring pressures on piston-ring/liner tribological conjunction, Proc. IMechE, Part J, Journal of Engineering Tribology, 227:154-167, 2013.

J5. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and H. Rahnejat. Physio-chemical hydrodynamic mechanism underlying the formation of thin adsorbed boundary films, Royal Society of Chemistry: Faraday Discussion 156:123-136, 2012.

J4. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and H. Rahnejat. Formation of ultra-thin bi-molecular boundary adsorbed films, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 45(11):115303, 2012.

J3. M. De la Cruz, W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu, S. Theodossiades and H. Rahnejat. Transient mixed thermo-elastohydrodynamic lubrication in multi-speed transmissions, Tribology International, 49:17-29, 2012.

J2. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and H. Rahnejat. Effect of lubricant molecular rheology on formation and shear of ultra-thin surface films, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 44(16):165302, 2011.

J1. W.W.F. Chong, M. Teodorescu and N.D. Vaughan. Cavitation induced starvation for piston ring/liner tribological conjunctions, Tribology International, 44(4): 483-497, 2011.