Aerogel : new lightweight composite materials

Lightweight-thermal insulation composites were prepared using unsaturated polyester resin and silica aerogel. Preservation of pores in the aerogel was achieved by modification of the silica aerogel into closed pores, core-shell structure. Well-preserved aerogel pores in the UPR composites result in low density as well as the increase of thermal insulation with an increase of vol% of filler. Lowest thermal conductivity of 0.20 W/mK was achieved for composite containing 70 vol% of core-shell silica aerogel, which is about 55% reduction of the thermal conductivity of UPR (0.45 W/mK). The data from TGA show that decomposition proceeds in three steps for neat UPR as well as UPR composites, but the solid residue above 450 °C was considerably higher for filled composites. Addition of CSA has increased the thermal stability of the UPR by lowering the mass loss rate due to the formation of thermal stable char.



Halim, Z.A.A., Yajid, M.A.M., Idris, M.H., Hamdan, H. (2018) Physiochemical and thermal properties of silica Aerogel–Poly vinyl alcohol / Core–Shell structure prepared using fluidized bed coating process for thermal insulation applications. Materials Chemistry and Physics. Volume 215, Pages 269-276.

Halim, Z.A.A., Yajid, M.A.M., Idris, M.H., Hamdan, H. (2018) Effects of Rice Husk Derived Amorphous Silica on the Thermal-Mechanical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Composites. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics. Volume 57, Issue 6, Pages 479-496.

Abdul Halim, Z.A., Mat Yajid, M.A., Idris, M.H., Hamdan, H. (2018) Dispersion of polymeric-coated–silica aerogel particles in unsaturated polyester composites: Effects on thermal-mechanical properties. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, Volume 39, Issue 8, Pages 1093-1101

Abdul Halim, Z.A., Mat Yajid, M.A., Idris, M.H., Hamdan, H. (2017) Effects of silica aerogel particle sizes on the thermal–mechanical properties of silica aerogel – unsaturated polyester composites. Plastics, Rubber and Composites. Volume 46, No. 4, Pages 184-192